Teens can get chlamydia just like anyone else. There is no age range for chlamydia. Both male and female of any race who are sexually active could become infected with chlamydia which is a sexually transmitted disease.
There are two way to prevent chlamydia:
- Abstinence – refraining from all sexual intercourse
- Using condoms – this is the only birth control that will prevent chlamydia and most other sexually transmitted diseases. However, condoms do not offer 100% protection.
Teen Girls and Chlamydia
Will a teenage girl know if she has chlamydia?
Not necessarily, not all girls have symptoms. The period for symptoms to show up is between 1 and 3 weeks after sexual contact with someone who is infected.
Symptoms in girls:
- Vaginal Discharge – that may have an odor, or be a milky or slight yellowing color
- Itching in the vaginal area
- Pain in the lower belly
- Painful urinating in which it feels like a burning sensation
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Changes with the bleeding during menstrual cycles
Teen guys and chlamydia
Will a teenage guy know if he has chlamydia?
Again not necessarily, not everyone has symptoms. The range of time for symptoms show up is the same one to three weeks.
Symptoms in teen males:
- Discharge from the tip of the penis
- Itching around the penis
- Possible swelling of the testicles
Many teens do not have symptoms. Because of this reason the infection is highly likely to spread.
What should teens do if they think they have chlamydia?
They should immediately see their doctor or gynecologist. Most clinics (Planned Parenthood/hospitals) can test for chlamydia and treat it. Refrain from any sexual activity until you have finished the treatment that for 7 to 10 days. Even if the treatment is a single dose antibiotic, you still need to wait a minimum of ten days.
What if it is not treated?
Leaving chlamydia untreated is not a wise choice. First, you will continue to spread it. Second, it can cause major health issues including infertility for both girls and guys.
For girls, they can develop PID (pelvic inflammatory disease), tubal pregnancy (you become pregnant in the fallopian tubes). An infection of the cervix as well as the urethra are possible complications.
For guys, they can have inflammation of the urethra, as well as the tube that transports sperm (epididymis).
Diagnosis and treatment in teens
Diagnosis is a urine test or a swab test. If your test for chlamydia is positive you will be treated with an antibiotic. The treatment will either be a single dose that lasts for 7 days or a 7-day course of the antibiotic. During that time you will need to refrain from any sexual activity and notify all sexual partners that you have had in the past 8 weeks.