Oral gonorrhea, which is also referred to as pharyngeal gonorrhea, is a sexually transmitted disease that it experienced largely among sexually active adults. This infection is occasioned by a gram-negative bacterium which spreads through body fluids and saliva.
Some classes of adults still believe that the practice of oral sex is a shield against sexually transmitted disease. This is quite erroneous because oral sex can only prevent pregnancy but still expose the partners to infections just as in the genital areas. Having oral sex is therefore not a completely safe mode of practice because one would still be susceptible to STDs, especially when there are cuts in the mouth.
There is a very high tendency of contracting oral gonorrhea, among other STDs like HIV, Syphilis, Chlamydia, and so on, in the course of oral sexual activities.
Who is at risk of getting infected with Oral Gonorrhea?
Some classes of persons are at very high risk of contracting oral gonorrhea because of the type of sexual activities they engage in. This set of people include, but are not restricted to:
- Men who engage in oral sexual contact with the vagina (cunnilingus)
- Men who have oral sexual intercourse with other women
- Women who have oral sex with a penis
- Men and women who keep multiple oral sex partners
Symptoms of Oral Gonorrhea
Generally, the symptoms experienced by a person infected with STDs are relative depending on the type and body metabolism. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the USA, oral gonorrhea is also referred to as pharyngeal gonorrhea simply because it affects the pharynx by its nature and occurring symptoms. Oral gonorrhea, therefore, has its own features and the symptoms experienced would include any or a combination of the following:
- Red and painful throat with difficulty in swallowing even things as easy as saliva
- Sores in the mouth which may exist without pain being felt by the infected person
- Whitish or yellowish discharge
- Redness with white spots resembling strep throat
- Lesions which are similar to cold sores
- Fever blisters around the regions of the mouth.
A person infected with oral gonorrhea does not often experience noticeable symptoms and this necessitates the reason to be aware of one’s oral health and that of his or her partner to the best knowledge possible.
Diagnosis of Oral Gonorrhea
The practice adopted by doctors to diagnose oral gonorrhea is the definitive diagnosis method which depends usually on isolating N. gonorrhea from the throat of the infected person. Be that as it may, other doctors consider a positive rapid throat swab which is designed also to detect N. gonorrhea regarded as a good presumptive diagnosis of the infection. This diagnosis consequentially leads to the treatment which would be discussed below.
Prevention of Oral Gonorrhea
It might be challenging and tricky to do this successfully because the presence of the bacteria on the mucous membranes or vaginal fluids helps to facilitate the transfer of N. gonorrhea bacteria. Prevention of contact with the above would, therefore, suffice for prevention against oral gonorrhea. One should understand that condoms are not 100% effective in protecting against oral gonorrhea, but can help secure some significant levels of protection from the secretions.
In addition to the above, testing for STD is also a good way to prevent oral gonorrhea. If one has had oral sex with a new partner or suspects that his or her oral sex partner is infected, a medical diagnosis is immediately the best step to take.
Regular screening from time to time is also important whether there are signs of the infection or not. There is nothing wrong with visiting the nearest clinic and getting tested. Rather, it is recommended by medical practitioners and generally encouraged.
Treatment of Oral Gonorrhea
The method of treatment to be adopted by a person infected with oral gonorrhea would depend mainly on the type of oral symptoms being experienced and its apparent severity. Oral gonorrhea can be treated with a wide range of antibiotics, one of which is cephalosporins. It is important to know that the emergence of drug-resistant strains has caused so much concern even among medical partners as regards the antibiotics. It is therefore advised that the treatment instructions given by the medical practitioner should be diligently obeyed.
Oral gonorrhea can be effectively treated. However, the best way to prevent one’s self from contracting the infection is to practice safe oral sex. A high standard of oral hygiene is also advised as it goes a long way in reducing the risk of developing any form of sore and infection in the mouth.
Patients who are aware and lucky enough to notice this oral gonorrhea symptom has to have a gonorrhea test. They can use a rapid gonorrhea test kit for fast, accurate, convenient, affordable, and private gonorrhea testing.
If tested positive for gonorrhea, one is advised to seek medical attention right away. Oral gonorrhea can be treated easily with antibiotic medication, such as the following:
CDC recommends a dual therapy or two drugs at the same time; ceftriaxone and azithromycin. If oral gonorrhea is left untreated, it can result in more severe medical complications, so get tested for gonorrhea as soon as possible.