If you have seen red spots or rashes on your vagina, you could be having an STD — especially if you are sexually active. It's also possible that the red spots or rashes are due to an allergic reaction or skin irritation when your clothes rub on the skin.

If the rashes are due to an allergic reaction or not associated with any secondary symptoms, simple home remedies should help relieve them. In most cases, though, the rashes will go away on their own.

Here's a breakdown of the common causes of red spots on the genital region.

Possible Natural Causes of Red Spots on the Vagina

When harmless foreign elements i.e. allergens get into your system, the antibodies which roam freely in the blood and tissues in your body will be released to fight them. They may overreact to the allergens thus leading to the allergic reaction or symptoms.

In an infection with an STD, the red spots which could indicate symptoms of an infection become visible when the cell destruction rate is higher. If the disease is not detected earlier and left untreated, it may progress to the tissues causing even more severe symptoms.

If you spot any unusual change of appearance around the vagina it's advisable that you go for a medical checkup to diagnose the disease early. Optionally, you can get your medically approved STD rapid test kits then use them to review the symptoms at home.

Contact Dermatitis

This is the primary cause of red spots on the genital region. It usually occurs when your skin gets in contact with clothes or substances which you are allergic to.

The rashes/red spots that appear due to contact dermatitis are usually not severe but can be very itchy. The causative agents for this reaction may range from lotions, soaps, perfume and jewelry, etc.

You can use anti-itch creams to manage the itching or sooth the affected region using cold and wet compresses. Do not scratch the rashes. Try to identify the substances which cause these reactions and change or stop using them.

Yeast infection

If the spots are scaly and are associated with blisters or bumps, vaginal yeast infection could be the prime culprit. It usually results when you use antibiotics for an extended period, killing important bacteria in the body thus leading to an overgrowth of harmful fungus; Candida albicans.

Yeast infection might also develop due to diabetic condition or hormonal imbalance. The yeast infection symptoms should also go away naturally. However, if the symptoms reappear, persist or you get multiple infections you could be having a more dangerous vaginal infection. Go for a medical checkup and depending on your condition, your doctor may recommend a long term vaginal therapy.

Scabies

The scabies spots are usually bumpy and hard or crusty and itchy. Scabies is caused by tiny parasitic mites which burrow into the skin layers around the vagina.

The mites which cause scabies are easily spread via close contact between sexual partners, close friends, or family members. You can also get it when you use towels, clothes, and underpants of the affected persons.

Treatment for scabies involves the application of a scabicide on the affected region to kill the mites.

Genital psoriasis

This is an autoimmune condition associated with an inflammation of the genital area. It can also affect the inner region of the vagina though this is very rare.

The most common type of genital psoriasis is inverse psoriasis which usually forms in the skin folds, and the symptoms look like bright red skin spots or patches. Depending on your skin's sensitivity, you may feel pain, severe itching, and discomfort.

The treatment for genital psoriasis can be a bit of a challenge due to the sensitivity of the region it affects. It requires persistence and special care.

Pubic lice

These are tiny parasites which are also known as crabs. They spread quickly when you get into close contact with an affected person. They can also spread when you use beddings and towels which are already infested with the lice.

After infestation, they cause itchiness on the affected region, which is characterized by red spots. While they live by feeding on your blood and creating a lot of discomfort pubic lice are not dangerous.

Treatment of pubic lice involves; using topical shampoos and lotions to remove the crabs from the affected area. You should also decontaminate your beddings and clothes.

Infected hair shafts or Folliculitis

Folliculitis is a common cause of red spots and some discomfort on the affected region, which is usually the hair shaft base. This type of infection is caused by skin bacteria.

Other symptoms include red, tender lumps which are painful when touched. Folliculitis infection will go away naturally, but you may need an antibiotic to treat the infection if it is severe.

STDs Which Cause Red Spots on the Vagina

There are several STDs that can cause rashes or red spots to appear after an infection. Here are some of the most common STDs that could be responsible for your red spots.

Genital herpes

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) lists genital herpes as an incurable STI. Its symptoms may range from painful red ulcers to red spots or bumps and white spots which are filled a clear liquid.

According to this WHO report, it's a prevalent disease which affects a whopping 417 million people worldwide. Other signs of genital herpes include vaginal discharge, swollen lymph nodes and headaches, etc. The red spots and blisters usually burst and leave ulcer-like sores on the skin, which are accompanied by pain and itchiness.

HPV (Humanpapilloma Virus)

HPV is the most prevalent STD in North America. It's an STI caused by different types of the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).

There are certain HPV types which can lead to the development of vulva, vaginal, cervical, and rectal cancer, among others. Not all HPV types will give visible symptoms, when it does; the symptoms usually appear in the form of warts or red spots which look like red or pink growth.

You will typically see three or four clusters though they may increase rapidly and spread if not managed early. These symptoms are not commonly associated with pain, but they can lead to itching, bleeding and mild pain.

For treating the symptoms of HPV, your doctor will firstly perform a variety of tests. Your doctor will either use chemicals, freeze or use laser therapy to remove the warts.

If the infection is significant or widespread, the doctor may recommend surgery and prescription drugs. Always keep the region dry, and only wear cotton underpants to avoid irritation.

Get Tested

While the red spots may not indicate an STD, it is important that you get tested. Note that it is possible to have multiple STDs at once. Other STDs like HIV/AIDS weaken your immune system so you may not necessarily know what you're suffering from.

If you postpone medical tests and treatments, you expose the cells and tissues of your body to severe damage due to infections. We recommend that you use our rapid screen tests to check if you have been afflicted by an STD.