A patient with TB, HIV patients are more susceptible for opportunistic infections 

Human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, the virus to blame for the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, or AIDS, has been around since the late 1800s when it joined the human populace from a chimpanzee located in the southeastern region of Cameroon during a period of swift urbanization.

When a person is in the later stages of the HIV infection or has acquired AIDS, their immune system is significantly jeopardized and there are numerous complications which are linked to HIV and AIDS problems. Here you will learn about medical conditions that can develop when someone is affected by the HIV virus or has AIDS.


Tuberculosis or TB has been known to be the ailment that causes the most deaths around the world among patients with HIV and AIDS. TB usually impacts the lungs but can also be destructive to other parts of the body system which includes the central nervous system.

Pneumocystis Pneumonia

The most typical infection to take place is Pneumocystis Pneumonia or PCP. A good reason this is found so commonly is that PCP is an airborne fungus which is quite typical and any individual with an immune system that is feeble is incredibly vulnerable.

Mycobacterium Avium Complex

Mycobacterium Avium Complex or MAC is a bacterium that is quite common in food, soil, and water. It can be found in nearly every human body and basically not a big concern for all who possess healthy immune systems. Nevertheless, a person with a declining immune system, including when it comes to those with HIV or AIDS, this bacteria can bring about severe health problems.

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Oral Candidiasis

Oral Candidiasis, or Oral Thrush, is a fungus infection, which is more typically referred to as yeast, which can result in infections in the mouth and other regions of the body. It may be present in the vaginal region of ladies and is referred to as a vaginal yeast infection.


Cytomegalovirus or CMV is also another dreaded complication related to HIV and AIDS. It's in fact an extremely typical herpes virus which lots of people have, but unlike people that have a damaged immune system, it is not an issue to you because it is easily managed by regular immune systems. The good reason this virus is so menacing among individuals with HIV or AIDS is that it can initiate an eye infection identified as retinitis which can ultimately contribute to blindness eventually.