- the primary stage
- the secondary stage
- the latent stage
- the tertiary stage
After an incubation length of ten to three months, a normal lesion shows up, typically on the genitals, the mouth, or rectal region. The lesion or chancre is a type of ulcer and is often painless in spite of its small or larger size. Lymphadenopathy could be existing but is less likely to be observed by the sufferer. A lesion in the vagina is sometimes not discovered. Neglected, a chancre holds up around six weeks and then fades. About two to four weeks after the chancre goes away, a rash develops. Compared with a number of other rash breakouts, it strikes the soles of the feet and the palms of the hands.
A serologic test for syphilis in females produces positive results. There might be secondary warning signs of this sickness, for instance low grade fever and adenopathy. Whether a patient gets treatment asap or not, a chancre persists about six weeks and then vanishes. The subsequent stage is a latency period of time that can endure from just one or two years to numerous decades. The one indicator of the illness is the serologic test, which proceeds to generate a positive result. The concluding stage of syphilis is a damaging health problem that involves key body organs including the heart and the nervous system. Common signs or symptoms are paralysis, blindness, serious crippling neurologic abnormalities, slurred speech, mental confusion, and lack of coordination. This last stage needs to be diagnosed before the infection gets lethal. Syphilis is identified by identification of the different symptoms and via serologic serum tests like:
- the fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test (or FTA-ABS)
- the Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test (or VDRL)
- the rapid plasma regain test (or RPR)
- the automated regain test (or ART)
Since syphilis can usually be treated so easily, one might consider it would be simple to eliminate too. The simple truth is, given that the original chancre is painless, some people are either ignorant of it or prefer to dismiss it, thus transmitting the condition to unsuspecting mates.
For women who are allergic to penicillin, many other antibiotics like doxycycline and tetracycline, have also confirmed highly effective against syphilis.