Sexually-active individuals are encouraged to take a Chlamydia test. Studies show that out of all the sexually-transmitted diseases or STDs recorded in the United Kingdom every year, around 30% of them are Chlamydia cases. In the United States, more than 1 million cases are reported every year, making it the most common bacterial STD in the country.
Even though it seems like health agencies are keeping track of the increase in the number of Chlamydia reports, there are still over 2 million cases that are left undiagnosed and unnoticed, according to a study.
How do people get Chlamydia?
Chlamydia can be acquired in many ways. A mother who is infected with the disease can pass it on to her newborn. An infected person can pass it on to another person through sex, whether it is anal, oral or vaginal.
One report says that women, especially the young ones, are more susceptible to getting infected with Chlamydia because their cervixes have not achieved full development yet. Also, anyone who has been with more sexual partners has greater chances of getting infected with Chlamydia or other STDs.
What are the symptoms of Chlamydia?
In women, a burning sensation during urination can be felt if they have Chlamydia. There is also a lumpy discharge, and in worse cases, fever, bleeding, pain during sexual intercourse, and abdominal and lower back pains.
In men, the burning sensation is also common. In some instances, there will be pain or swelling in the testicular region.
Extreme caution should be taken because 75% of Chlamydia cases are said to not have any symptoms at all.
How does Chlamydia affect a person?
In women, once the bacteria find their way into the cervix, they spread out to the other parts of the female reproductive system, including the fallopian tubes. In some cases, they will find their way to the rectum. Women should find time to take a Chlamydia test to avoid serious complications. If left untreated, Chlamydia will lead to permanent scars in the cervix, fallopian tubes, and uterus. It will also cause PID or pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility.
People infected with Chlamydia are also at risk of contracting Reter’s syndrome, which is a rare kind of arthritis. It causes painful wounds and the swelling of the urethras and the eyes.
We should always practice caution when having sex because we have no idea if our partners are infected with an STD like Chlamydia. We should remember that our health is important in order to go about our daily routine. We only live once so we might as well make the most out of it, free from any sickness or disease.
If you are experiencing some of the symptoms mentioned above or if you are sexually active, make sure that you go to the nearest clinic or hospital and undergo a Chlamydia test. Some of these places offer the test for free, so there is really nothing to lose when it comes to safeguarding your health and well-being.