Chlamydia is regarded as the widespread sort of sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the United States that is due to bacteria. This health issue is attributable to Chlamydia trachomatis and is usually asymptomatic or if there are any specific symptoms, they are mild. Yet, Chlamydia can have terrible consequences if it is not identified and then addressed. It has been discovered that this ailment can result in irreversible harm to a woman's reproductive organs. A number of the effects of this malady are lymphogranuloma venereum, conjunctivitis which can bring about blindness, infant pneumonia, inflammation of the cervix, pelvic inflammatory disease, and Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome.
There are numerous types of tests for Chlamydia and these are the:
- direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) test
- nucleic acid hybridization test or DNA probe test
- the nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT)
- enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
- Chlamydia culture
The DNA probe test hunts for the existence of Chlamydia trachomatis DNA. This is also performed by the NAAT, which is much more sensitive in comparison to the DNA probe test. The DFA test and the ELISA test are speedy means to see whether an individual has Chlamydia antigens, which point out the existence of an active Chlamydia infection. Lastly, a Chlamydia culture can also be made use of but this will need five to seven days.
Before any kind of intimate examination or test it is crucial for men and women to feel relaxed. Although much of this varies according to the medical provider’s approach, a more comfortable mood could be established if the patient is aware of the method. A body fluid sample is necessary for a Chlamydia test. If urine is to be utilized as a sample, the individual going through the test should not have urinated for the past two hours before urine is harvested. For males, the sample is normally taken from the urethra or anus. For girls, the sample is frequently collected from the cervix making use of a small brush or swab. Occasionally, a sample from the throat or eye is required.
It must be noted that only one kind of laboratory test is necessary to detect Chlamydia. And if someone suspects that he or she has been put through the infection, sexual intercourse must be prevented until negative test results have been attained. It is also recommended to perform other STD tests mainly because other STDs may be existing alongside Chlamydia.