Sexually-transmitted diseases or STDs are widespread nowadays. They can infect both men and women and can cause a wide array of symptoms and complications.
Because the number of STD patients every year continues to increase, people should be urged to go through STD testing to detect any STD early on. STDs can slowly and gradually impair a person’s body, and there is no reason to wait and not act right away to treat them.
How to conduct an STD test
The most common methods of STD testing require blood, urine, or swab samples from a patient. Those samples can easily show whether or not a person has the virus or bacterium that has caused the disease.
Testing in Males and Females
Since males and females have different anatomies, it is understandable that there will be cases when certain STD tests are only designed for only one of the two. Let me explain this further below.
In women, STD testing usually requires a blood sample. Those that are believed to be infected with gonorrhea, Chlamydia, HIV, AIDS or genital herpes typically go through this type of STD testing.
Other times, swab samples are taken from the infected spot. In cases of pelvic inflammatory disease or bacterial vaginosis, samples of the vaginal discharge are commonly extracted. Therefore, the swabbing technique is what needs to be done in order to effectively test and diagnose the patient. Some other STD tests that utilize this technique are syphilis tests, HPV tests, Chlamydia tests, gonorrhea tests, and scabies tests.
In men, first time STD testers are required to submit a urine sample. Those that are believed to be infected with Chlamydia, gonorrhea or some other STD are requested to provide a fresh urine sample to the laboratory for examination.
Swab tests for men are also conducted in certain cases. Male syphilis patients are usually required to undergo this kind of STD testing. Furthermore, blood tests are performed on men who are potential syphilis, HIV, AIDS, hepatitis, or genital herpes patients.
In cases of Human Papillomavirus and genital warts, a small portion of the infected skin is removed for examination and assessment.
With the prevalence of many types of STDs around the world today, it is highly encouraged that people, especially the sexually active ones, to go through STD testing the moment they can. That way, if they turn out to be STD positive, they can get the right treatment for the STD right away.