- The use and sharing of needles
- Having sexual intercourse with an HIV-positive man or woman
- The transfusion of HIV contaminated blood
- HIV-patient mother to her baby
All through an early infection, someone could have indicators like flu. Most people could overlook it and think about it as nothing serious, so they wind up forgetting about it and recognize that they are afflicted with something crucial when it is already too late for him or her. Because of this medical experts advise all, specifically the sexually-active ones, to undergo an HIV screening test.
Those that fall under the high-risk groups of HIV/AIDS and are recommended to test for HIV:
- those that drug addicts that inject drugs to their bodies
- those that have had unprotected sexual intercourse
- those which are afflicted with any kind of sexually-transmitted disease or STD
They must be prepared to undertake the HIV testing so that the proper treatment can be administered at the earliest opportunity. There are various procedures of HIV screening tests and the most widely used ones are urine tests, swab tests or oral tests, and blood tests. The rationale behind the test is not to identify the existence of HIV itself, but to see whether there are tracks of HIV antibodies discharged by the immune system to fight the virus. It is possible for an HIV sufferer to have a negative test result in the event that his or her immune system struggles to generate enough antibodies to protect his or her body.
The human body may take between three weeks and three months before it could actually generate enough antibodies in this scenario. After this amount of time lapses, an even more specified test result can be implemented. An HIV sufferer should observe great care to not go around with his or her old networking approach as he or she is a carrier of a very risky type of virus.
Being afflicted with HIV puts anyone in danger of AIDS, so it is of highest importance to protect ourselves from this sexually transmitted disease. It is always encouraged to see a doctor and undergo routine check ups to know how your overall health is.