Hepatitis is one of the most common diseases people experience today. It refers to several medical conditions that cause the liver to inflame. The inflammation is caused by inflammatory cells that originated from an infection, injuries, or medications and toxins.

It is important to get yourself tested using a hepatitis test kit or by visiting your doctor. Hepatitis outbreaks have happened in various parts of the world, and the casualties have been alarming.

What are the causes of hepatitis?

Hepatitis can be contracted through several different ways. It can be caused by certain types of bacteria, viruses, parasites, protozoa, algae, or fungi. It can also be the result of drug abuse or drug overdose, metabolic diseases, excessive alcohol consumption, and autoimmune disorders.

Hepatitis caused by a virus is classified into four categories: Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and Delta Hepatitis.

The virus that causes hepatitis can make an individual have the chronic or acute type. Chronic Hepatitis is experienced for more than 6 months, while acutely happens in a shorter period of fewer than 6 months.

How is hepatitis transmitted?

The virus is easily transmitted through used needles and other things that might have traces of the virus. Open wounds, cuts, and sores should be properly covered and kept away from contaminated objects.

Common household items such as toothbrushes and razors can also be agents of transmission. Be sure to avoid using those that an infected individual uses. 

What are the symptoms?

A person who suffers from Acute Hepatitis has the following symptoms: fever, loss of appetite, anorexia, malaise, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, dark urine, muscle pains, joint pains, abdominal pain, skin discoloration, yellowish mucous membranes, and clay-colored feces.

On the other hand, Chronic Hepatitis patients experience the following symptoms: weight loss, weakness, jaundice, bruises, fatigue, edema, fluid accumulation in the abdominal area, bleeding, and enlargement of the abdomen due to a swollen liver.

Hepatitis testing

In order to avoid getting infected with the virus or to stop the spread of the virus, people are encouraged to undergo hepatitis testing. Medical experts have introduced several different ways to detect the presence of the disease in the human body. One of these is a qualitative testing for Hepatitis B that utilizes PCR or polymerase chain reaction. In this method, a technique is employed to amplify and find the virus. It is highly sensitive and extremely useful in widespread outbreak situations.

Local hospitals and small clinics also offer hepatitis testing services. They are there to help you with your condition and advise you on what to do about your disease. Once you get the positive results, they will explain what your options are with regards to the types of treatments that you will have to undergo.

Research and studies on hepatitis are ongoing as medical experts continue to seek for better treatment techniques for the disease.