Chlamydia, as ominous as it sounds, is a disease that is spread through sexual contact with another person. It can cause complications really quickly, so it needs to be treated as quickly to avoid any problems. The main guilty party for causing this disease are bacteria that can be spread when having sex. Symptoms for chlamydia are not that straightforward and people who are infected usually don’t know it at first, so if you think that you might have been infected, you should definitely go see a doctor and get tested right away.
What Causes Chlamydia and the Risks it brings with it
There is no age or gender boundary for getting infected with chlamydia, everyone is in danger, so to speak, from old men and women to teenagers. The one thing that can greatly increase your chances of getting infected with chlamydia is having sex with multiple different partners without any protection. Usually, both men and women, who are 25 and under, are at greater risk of getting infected with chlamydia than the rest of the population, especially women. During pregnancy, for example, if infected, women can transmit the bacteria to their new-born babies.
Symptoms of Chlamydia
A lot of people usually do not even notice the symptoms of this sexually transmitted disease, but if you are infected, those same symptoms will appear only after two or three weeks. Pay attention to these signs:
- When urinating, you feel a burning sensation
- Vaginal discharge, or discharge from the penis
- Any kind of pain in your lower part of the abdomen
- For women, very painful sexual relations
- For men, testicular pain
You can also get infected with chlamydia while performing oral sex on someone, and it can attack your throat and your mouth. Same symptoms apply.
How to Diagnose Chlamydia
When you go to the doctor, he/she will ask you some general information about your sexual life, whether you use protection, do you have one or more partners, and so on. Also, your doctor may ask you if he/she can perform some tests in order to see whether you are infected or not.
How to Treat Chlamydia
This disease, since it is caused by bacteria, can usually be treated, and successfully, with antibiotics like azithromycin, or doxycycline, for example. There are also other antibiotics, but whichever antibiotic you get, you have to follow the doctor’s instructions and the ones on the prescription.
Lifelong Complications of Chlamydia
For women, these include pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), also an infection that can cause long-term damage to your productive organs, infertility, if the disease is not being treated. For men, complications include the epididymis, which can cause inflammatory infections and pain to the testicular tube, which can then get transferred to the prostate.
How to Prevent Chlamydia
Well, you should definitely consider decreasing the number of sexual partners that you might have because that is one of the quickest ways to get infected with chlamydia, and also, use a condom.