HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a pandemic illness because of its ability to rapidly spread from one person to another. It is one of the leading STDs today, affecting millions of people around the world.
The four stages of HIV infection
Since HIV can strike anybody, it is necessary to be familiar with its symptoms. Recognizing the symptoms of HIV will enable us to get tested and seek treatment sooner.
HIV is made up of four stages. The initial stage is referred to as the incubation period. In this scenario, zero noticeable warning signals are viewed by the affected individual. It can last between just a few days and several weeks. The second stage is when an affected male or female starts showing several symptoms just like a sore throat, intense rashes, deteriorating muscles, mouth sores, swelling of the lymph nodes, and fever. The third stage is known as the latency period. It can remain for as long as three years, but if the affected individual passes through antiretroviral treatments, he or she can decrease the span down to three or four weeks. At this time, the immune system starts to generate antibodies that will attack the virus. Finally, the last and final stage is when the sufferer gets AIDS. This commonly happens when HIV is left undiagnosed and ignored. AIDS affected individuals also embark on antiretroviral treatment solution.
Myths and facts about transmission
Many people used to think that only homosexuals can get HIV. This is incorrect. Both men and women can get HIV and carry the virus if they have been in sexual contact with a person who is already afflicted with the virus. Other than that, expectant females can also transfer the infection to their children at the time of the pregnancy period. Sharing of needles and drug paraphernalia, and blood transfusion may also let the virus to trek from one person to another.
The number of people infected with HIV continues to increase every year. This is not a good thing since HIV can be easily transmitted and is difficult to treat. It is vital that more awareness and information about this STD is raised so that people will know that there are many ways to avoid this lethal sexually transmitted infection.