The World Health Organizations has reported that approximately about six percent of the world’s population is HIV-positive, and that multitude proceeds to become larger and larger every day.
In the developing regions, the ventures to make people informed about the health problem are continuing. Numerous investigations, studies, and movements are carried out to advise and tell them of the risks of HIV. At the moment, the location that has the biggest number of HIV infected individuals is the sub-Sahara in Africa wherein practically 28 million are afflicted by the ailment, among them three million kids that are below fifteen years old.
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV can infect everyone, no matter what age, weight, height, or nationality. It is classified as a pandemic ailment due to its power to rapidly spread from one individual to another.
Stages of HIV infection
A man or woman who is afflicted with HIV will go through at most 4 stages. These are the following:
- The very first stage is known as the incubation period. For this one, simply no visible warning signs are seen by the patient. It can endure between two or three days and a couple of weeks.
- During the second stage, an affected man or woman starts off presenting a number of symptoms including crippling muscles, intense rashes, sore throat, mouth sores, fever, and inflammation of the lymph nodes.
- The third stage is known as the latency period. It can endure for as long as some three years, but if the affected person is subjected to the antiretroviral treatment plan, he or she can lower the length down to two or three weeks. When this happens, the immune system starts off to create antibodies that will assault the virus.
- The fourth stage is when the sufferer develops AIDS. This normally takes place when HIV is left undiagnosed and uncared for. AIDS patients also undertake antiretroviral treatment solution.
Facts about HIV
There used to be a notion (and sometimes it still exists) that only homosexual males can be impacted by the virus, and they are the only carriers of the infection. These are not absolutely accurate. Both males and females can get HIV and hold the virus if they have been in sexual contact with someone who is already affected by the virus. In addition to that, expectant mothers can also transfer the health problem to their infants throughout the pregnancy period. Sharing of sharp needles and blood transfusion might also permit the virus to journey from one individual to another.
Talk to your doctor to learn more about HIV – its dangers, symptoms, ways to prevent it, and more.