There are different methods that can be used to test for HIV. Each of these procedures possesses features that make them more attractive to certain people, and they all promise reliability and efficiency in terms of HIV detection.
Why you should test for HIV regularly
Health professionals and medical officials everywhere increasingly support routine HIV testing as a technique of examining personal overall health and managing the spread of HIV. Bear in mind, HIV can survive on its host without obvious warning signs for many years. Looking for this at a reliable facility not only guards your forthcoming health but also that of your loved ones and romantic partners.
HIV testing options
With that said fact, let us discuss some information on various professional HIV testing selections that are out there to you:
The antibody tests are the most widely used HIV testing procedures for routine screening. They benefit from the fact that your body naturally produces anti-infection proteins referred to as antibodies as a side effect of HIV infection. This process detects antibodies from a blood, saliva, or urine sample. Commonly an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is the perfect antibody test due to its substantial level of sensitivity.
This method of HIV testing is often recommended three months after likely exposure. If an HIV-positive mommy has a baby, their antibodies will be transferred and stored in the baby's body for about one year or more; other tests are recommended in this situation. Add to this, people who have participated in HIV vaccine trials need to take many tests to lower the chance of false end results.
The Antigen tests seek out things from the HIV virus itself, referred to as antigens. For the most part, they hunt for the P24 protein brought forth at the start of HIV infection. This kind of testing isn't incredibly sensitive and isn't emphatically recommended by itself. Alternatively, doctors conduct hybrid HIV testing by integrating antigen tests with regular antibody tests to enhance accuracy while decreasing the "window period." Also known as fourth-generation tests, these new formations in this testing will appear with more consistency as medical modern technology continues to progress.
Rapid HIV test kits
The rapid HIV test kits are powered by the same concepts as antibody tests with the more rapid turnaround. They use less than 60 minutes and usually involve no follow-up visit; all the analysis is completed on-site by medical doctors. They are faster and easier for medical personnel to perform and minimally intrusive for the victim. These are recommended for urgent medical situations or sites where clients are not as likely to go back to evaluate their results.
No matter which test you take, it's imperative to follow up a positive result with other tests-this remarkably decreases the possibility of a fluke in the test. You need to also keep in mind that a lot of the home HIV testing kits out there haven't obtained FDA approval and are packed with inaccuracy.