The benchmarks of HIV testing and prognosis have invariably been the utilization of well-known diagnostic processes for searching for antibody markers in the blood like the ELISA and Western Blot Tests. These diagnostic procedures have been greatly effective and precise in the detection of HIV and have been made use of as a major HIV Testing process for decades.
The ELISA is probably the most typical and widespread standard in HIV diagnostics that are utilized to treat a blood sample and examine for the occurrence of HIV antibodies. In more common particulars it is the simplest and patronized HIV test utilized these days. The ELISA is commonly employed with a complimentary, confirmatory diagnostic named the Western Blot. Needless to say, besides the standard diagnostic routine there are more testing specifications that can sense an HIV infection, these tests are designed for particular applications including HIV screening for donated blood supply and in scientific investigation for HIV. Due to the fact that certain non-conventional testing methods can be high-priced and need advanced technology and training, the utilization for these is restricted.
Rapid Latex Agglutination Assay
The Rapid Latex Agglutination Assay is a simplistic and affordable choice and comprises of a simple blood test that is valuable in several developing countries that might be economically challenged and are deficient in the essential testing services to put into operation enough HIV testing regulations.
The Radioimmunoprecipitation Assay or RIPA is a confirmatory diagnostic method which is used when antibody quantities have become very little or are practically undetectable in a Western Blot test. Although the RIPA is effective diagnostic equipment that helps identify HIV presence in a prospect, the testing procedure uses up a long time. The RIPA is quite high-priced often demanding qualified laboratory specialists to carry out the test.
HIV-1 Capture Assay
The HIV-1 Capture Assay is a blood test employed as an interim test measure initially advised by the Food and Drug Administration to preserve donated blood supply and test for HIV positivity. This test has been considered to be not reliable as it tests for p24 antigen markers which may be irregular and result in misdiagnosis of the disease.
Dot-Blot Immunobinding Assay
A rapid HIV test referred to as Dot-Blot Immunobinding Assay is also an alternative affordable option in its first stages of employment and application in many private testing services across the world. It may soon turn out to be a feasible replacement for the well-known ELISA and Western Blot Testing and can be far more ideal as it offers testing results in just a few minutes.