What is hepatitis C?
Brought on by the hepatitis C virus, HCV, the infection leads to swelling or inflammation of the liver and can result in cirrhosis and almost certainly liver cancer. It can be acute or chronic. In sufferers treated for acute complications, the virus usually becomes chronic.
How can you get it?
If someone receives blood transfusions and the blood has not gone through adequate checking, there is the likelihood that the recipient is going to get hepatitis C virus. Therefore, individuals who received transfusions or organ transplants before July 1992 were more prone to obtain this disease compared to those who have had transfusions after that period.
Medical care personnel is extremely vulnerable. A medical doctor or nurse who happens to be struck by a needle that has contaminated blood on it can be infected. A person with a break in his or her skin layers can acquire the disease from contact with tainted blood.
Chronic hemodialysis affected individuals are in danger of hepatitis C virus infection. Those that have human immunodeficiency virus could possibly get hepatitis C, and kids whose moms were hepatitis C virus-positive while being pregnant can get it.
Drug users run the risk of infection from small needles shared with somebody that has the disease. Tattoos and acupuncture-science treatment options can pass along the viral strain by means of contaminated needles. Certified, legitimate tattoo artists or acupuncturists are usually risk-free.
The infection can spread to family members who share toothbrushes, razors, or other personal stuff that may get exposed to blood contaminated with the virus. In spite of this, unless of course there is direct subjection to blood, family members do not typically get this infection from another person in the home. Hepatitis C virus does not transmit through casual contact such as sharing drinks or food, shaking hands, or hugging.
How Can You Know if You Have Hep C?
Blood tests will show whether or not you have the infection. The tests will evaluate your viral load, that is the amount of virus in your blood, and figure out your treatment choices by analyzing the genetic framework of your specific virus strain. In some instances, medical practitioners may carry out a needle biopsy to help evaluate the degree of deterioration and make a decision on possible treatment methods.
The ideal plan for coping with hepatitis C is always to prevent being infected with it. Certain exposure is unavoidable in work scenarios or accidents, but a majority is within your control. The diagnosis of hepatitis C is less terrible as compared to some diagnoses, but still, the infection is erratic and can do disastrous repercussions.