Trichomoniasis is a common sexually transmitted disease which can be contracted by having unprotected sex with a person living with the infection. Trichomoniasis is usually caused by a protozoan parasite infection also referred to as Trichomoniasis Vaginalis. The infection varies in symptoms causing people to find it difficult to know when they have been infected. This article is intended to expose the public to the symptoms, prevention, management, diagnosis and treatment of trichomoniasis.
It is important to note that about 70% of men and women do not have any of the symptoms when they have been infected; that is because the symptoms usually begin to show from between 5 and 28 days after exposure.
The symptoms one may experience when infected include:
- Burning or discomfort with urination,
- Itching in the genital area,
- Vaginal discharge,
- Redness or soreness of the genitals,
- Discharge from the penis,
- Burning after ejaculation,
- as well as other similar abnormalities.
A person infected with trichomoniasis may find it uncomfortable and very unpleasant to engage in sexual pleasures because of the uneasy feelings. This infection can last for months or even years if not treated completely.
Trichomoniasis can be contracted in numerous ways, chief of which is the unfortunately common behavior of having unprotected sex. It is amazing to see that trichomoniasis can be spread by an infected person to an uninfected one even when the infected one has not yet experienced any symptoms. It then becomes imperative to always have protected sex or engage only in sexual activities with absolutely trustworthy partners. This is crucial because trichomoniasis cuts across anal, vaginal and oral sex methods, varieties that tend to cause many to swap partners based on their orientations or desires at particular periods.
Who can get trichomoniasis?
It can be gotten by anyone but is more common in women than it is in men. Statistics shows that it affects over two million women in the United States predominantly those within the ages of 14 to 49.
Prevention of trichomoniasis
The most effective way to prevent trichomoniasis – and other sexually transmitted diseases – is to stay away from anal, vaginal and oral sex with people one is not sure of their sexual health statuses. However, if one cannot do without sex, prevention of the dreaded disease can still be managed in various ways like:
- The use of condoms. The use of condoms has been proven to protect people from the contraction of sexually transmitted diseases across the world. Since a man does not need to ejaculate before he could pass on or contract trichomoniasis, it means flesh to flesh contact alone may be just enough to spread the disease. Also note that birth control methods with the use of pills would not perform the same function as a condom in preventing STDs like trichomoniasis. No one should rely on that.
- Monogamy. Staying faithful to one partner is a good way to manage the infection because if two hitherto clean partners involve no third parties in their sexual life, they have a tendency to live a trichomoniasis-free life.
- Moderate use of alcohol and drugs. The abuse of drugs and alcohol also increases the risk of catching trichomoniasis. Once a person has abused drugs and alcohol in a wild party or other such places, the tendency to get careless with untrustworthy sex partners is increased greatly and such may lead to the contraction of trichomoniasis from an infected person – especially during orgies that are hardly remembered.
- Getting tested. This may be of help even after one is infected because it creates the awareness of seeking medical attention very fast. Quick diagnoses saves a lot.
How can trichomoniasis be diagnosed?
This can be done in medical laboratories as one cannot rely on the symptoms alone to conclude that he or she is infected. Once some or all of the above symptoms are noticed, it is important to visit a health care provider who would examine the infected person and provide the relevant medical solutions. Partners who talk to each other can also save themselves from passing it on to others when it is discovered that one or both of them are infected. Rapid home test kits come in handy in this regard. They are quick, discreet, efficient, and very reliable.
Treatment of trichomoniasis
Trichomoniasis can be managed perfectly and treated with either tinidazole or metronidazole. Although different pharmaceutical brands may have other names, these are the basic compositions of the medication. They are both pills swallowed through the mouth and expected to digest in the guts. These pills are safe and even harmless for infected pregnant women. Once it has been administered, one is advised not to consume alcohol within the next 24 hours to ensure the drugs work properly. It is true, a treated person can still get trichomoniasis subsequent to his or her treatment if the reckless sexual behavior is repeated.
Therefore, the best way to escape this relapse is to make sure a treated person’s sexual partner or partners are diagnosed and treated properly too.
The focus of everyone is to maintain good health always which can be achieved simply by observing one’s self and creating the awareness that people can possibly contract trichomoniasis if care is not taken.