Before we get to the whole point about STDs, or sexually transmitted diseases, we have to distinguish between them, and some other related terms. Do you know what RTIs are? They are all infections that develop in the genital tract, although, not all of them are sexually transmitted. STIs are sexually transmitted infections. An infection refers to small bacteria that is in your body most of the time, and well, disease is when your body is ill, infected with bacteria. STIs are there to be treated and contained, because not all of them develop into the state of disease. They can be treated by good counselling and medicine, because even though they might not cause the disease, they are still the spreading agent and need to be treated like that in order to prevent potential disease. Also, it is important to note that most symptoms of STIs, or sexually transmitted infections, are not visible, at least for the first two or three weeks. The infection of this kind is normally asymptomatic, as we already mentioned, and people infected with STIs usually think that they got infected from their partner, while in reality, they are the main culprits.

 

Distinction between RTIs and STIs

The term STI, or sexually transmitted disease, is usually a preferred one among researchers and scientists of these infections, because in reality, it has a great impact on the members of our society, meaning the patients. Just for an example, Candidiasis, or bacterial vaginitis and even PDI, a pelvic inflammatory disease, are RTIs rather than STIs, and it is advisable to counsel those patients with caution, as it is important to distinguish between the two.

 

Diagnostic Tests 

Diagnostic tests should be a normal occurrence when talking about sexually transmitted infections, and we should use them at all times. Syndrome management is therefore, one of those tests that are acceptable in this country, and it is not testing the patient directly for the disease that he has, like for example, urethritis, but treating him with antibacterial, that is used in the fight against those grave cases of the same disease, in this case, urethritis. This is not necessarily good, this kind of treatment, even though it is acceptable nowadays, and we should be very careful when using it, and hopefully, not using it that often, because with tests, we can choose the most effective therapy to give the patient the help he needs. 

 

Test Performance

Of course, it is also good to keep in mind that diagnostic tests, even though they are very helpful in diagnosing sexually transmitted infections which could cause sexually transmitted diseases, they don’t have the ideal performance when it comes to characteristics of those same tests. Even though doctors and clinicians are basically aware of that, it is the social implications of the whole process that is for or against the use of these test results in counselling. There are numerous test options out there, and it is hard to choose which one to take, but it is good to choose counselling and partner notification as well.