Among the most dreaded diseases in this day and age is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. It can infect everyone, no matter what age, weight, height, or nationality. It is labeled as a pandemic disease due to its power to swiftly spread from one individual to another.

There are basically two varieties of HIV, and they are the HIV-1 and the HIV-2. The HIV-1 spreads out quicker and is the root cause of global infection.

Stages of HIV infection

An individual who is afflicted with HIV will experience at most 4 levels.

  1. First Stage: The very first stage is named the incubation period. At this point, no visible warning signs are encountered by the patient. It can survive between two or three days and a number of weeks.
  2. Second Stage: An afflicted individual starts off displaying various symptoms including intense rashes, weakening muscle mass, sore throat, fever, mouth sores, and inflammation of the lymph nodes.
  3. Third Stage: This stage is known as the latency period. It can persist for as long as some years, however, if the patient is subjected to the antiretroviral treatment plan, he or she can lower the duration down to a couple of weeks. When this happens, the immune system commences creating antibodies that will assail the virus.
  4. Fourth Stage: This stage is the moment the patient develops AIDS. This typically comes about when HIV is left undiagnosed and neglected. AIDS patients also go through antiretroviral medication.

How HIV is transmitted

Maybe you have asked yourself this query before: “How can I get HIV?” Well, the general belief is that only homosexual males can be damaged by the virus, and they are the only carriers of the infection. These are not altogether correct. Men and women can acquire HIV and have the virus if they have been in sexual contact with someone who is already affected with the virus. Apart from that, expecting mothers can also transmit the infection to their little ones during the pregnancy period. Sharing of sharp needles and blood transfusion can also allow the virus to travel from one individual to another.

As stated by the World Health Organization, approximately 0 .6% of the world’s population is HIV-positive, and that quantity carries on to become larger and larger day after day. In the developing regions, the campaigns to make people conscious of the disease are continuing. Different experiments and promotions are carried out to inform and let them know of the risks of HIV. In this day and age, the location that has the greatest number of HIV infected individuals is the sub-Sahara in Africa wherein practically 28 million are afflicted by the disease; this includes 3 million children that are below 15 years old.

Prevention

Defending against HIV continues to be better than treating it, so everyone is urged to apply safe sex every single one of the time. Make use of protection when having sexual intercourse, and get you and your partners tested. By this method, if one of you obtains a positive result, you or they can ask for medical attention while the disease is still in its beginning stages.