HIV is a common sexually-transmitted disease caused by the virus, Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is very prevalent in many countries, specifically in the poorer nations in the continent of Africa.
There are different ways to transmit HIV:
- Through unprotected anal, vaginal, and oral sexual intercourse
- From an infected mother to her baby
- Sharing of used paraphernalia such as needles and syringes
- Having an open wound or sore and being exposed to infected blood or an open wound or sore of an HIV-infected person
HIV is known for not triggering any noticeable signs and symptoms. It can remain asymptomatic for many days, weeks, months, and even years.
But, if it does cause signs and symptoms, its earliest include fever, colds, night sweats, and rashes.
Testing and Treatment
Testing of HIV is necessary to be able to treat HIV. Blood tests are the most commonly used method to diagnose this infection. Those that test positive are given antiretroviral treatment to slow down the spread of the virus around the body.
Failure to test and treat HIV can result in the progression of HIV to AIDS, a fatal medical condition that cannot be cured and leads to death.