Studies have revealed that chlamydia is actually the most common STD or Sexually Transmitted Disease in Australia. The Chlamydia Trachomatis bacteria is what causes the disease chlamydia. Officially chlamydia is classified as an STD because it is transmitted through the act of sexual intercourse however chlamydia can also be passed by a mother to her unborn child. This is of course, if she herself has been infected.
The silent nature of Chlamydia.
Unprotected sex is the most common way to transmit the disease. Because the disease sometimes does not manifest itself or has vary few distinct symptoms, often many people do not even know that they have already contracted chlamydia. Many people look very good, robust and healthy but really are already infected. This also helps to spread the disease even more. Because of this “silent nature,” testing is even more important and essential.
Common testing methods for Chlamydia.
Testing for chlamydia is actually very simple and straightforward. There are no complex tests or long procedures, or even painful tests to fulfill. The most common testing methods usually involve nothing more than a simple urine test. If a urine test is not done, usually a swab of cotton dabbed at the infected area will also do. None of the methods are painful and are very short and simple. This leaves little reason not to be tested if you are part of the high risk group.
The high risk group of Chlamydia.
Some individuals are at higher risk of getting chlamydia than others. People in the high risk group include sexually active females under the age of 25, and gays and bisexuals.
Common treatment for Chlamydia.
When diagnosed with chlamydia it is often treated with prescribed antibiotics. If complications from chlamydia arise like pelvic inflammatory disease, a stronger dose of antibiotics are usually prescribed. The treatment is as simple as the testing. However it is advised not to take alcohol during treatment. It can hamper the healing process of the medicine.
Complications arising from untreated Chlamydia.
If chlamydia is left untreated, it can result in complications both for men and women. Women can develop pelvic inflammatory disease, a condition that can cause painful infections in their cervix, fallopian tubes and uterus. This can result in infertility or even an ectopic pregnancy. Men with untreated chlamydia can develop prostatitis or epididymitis. Infertility can also result from untreated chlamydia in men.
Ways to prevent the spread of Chlamydia
The spread of chlamydia can be prevented or at least minimized in a number of ways. Limiting sex partners is one way to minimize the chances of getting infected. The proper use of condoms is also another way. Also by having an exclusive relationship with only one partner can greatly reduce your chances of infection, especially if you are both faithful. However it is best to keep in mind that these all do not guarantee total 100% protection. The only way this can be guaranteed is through no sexual contact at all.