Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease that is caused by a bacteria called chlamydia trachomatis, which is also an official term for chlamydia. The symptoms of chlamydia can’t be detected in most cases, but if they do appear, they usually do so a few weeks after the infection. Chlamydia is detected with tests and treated with antibiotics.
How the tests are used?
The test for chlamydia, a sexually transmitted disease is used to diagnose the cause of various symptoms that appear alongside this infection, it is also used to screen people who are sexually active, and who have multiple sexual partners, and it is a way to document how many people have been sexually abused, so there are many different usages that are useful in many different ways. Usually the testing for chlamydia and for gonorrhea are simultaneously used because both of these bacteria that infect our body have similar clinical presentations or manifestations, so the definitive diagnosis is necessary to distinguish the two. Both of these sexually transmitted diseases require different types of antibiotic treatment. One of the tests is the so called NNAT, or nucleic acid amplification test, which is also the most common test for this sexually transmitted disease. It is consisted of DNA amplification that can be found in the bacteria which is the main culprit for chlamydia. This test is used because it is sensitive enough and more specific than any other tests that exist nowadays, and it easy to perform by only using urine sample from both men and women. Other chlamydia tests include DFA, a direct fluorescent antibody stain which can show the antigens of chlamydia, and DNA probe, which sounds scary enough not to do it, but it is one of the tests that has a high rate in detecting chlamydia DNA.
When to use the tests?
Your doctor can order a chlamydia test for you if you already experience symptoms such as vaginal discharge and burning sensations when urinating, because those are the most common and visible symptoms of a sexually transmitted disease that usually doesn’t show any signs of the infection, at least in the beginning. An individual, no matter the background or gender, can be at high risk for getting chlamydia if he/she had chlamydia infection before, or if they have some other sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV, then if they change sexual partners a lot, or have new ones and if they practice unsafe sex, without condoms. This is also common in commercial sex industry, or if people are drug users, in a prison or in some other institution of this kind. Also, pregnant women are at great risk of transmitting the sexually transmitted disease like chlamydia to their new-born child or immediately after birth. Then testing of chlamydia and gonorrhea can be performed when a new-born child has some symptoms that would alert to the infection of this kind, such as conjunctivitis, and discharge. It is essential to get tested, and get your partner to do the test, just in case.