Several tests that can help detect the HIV virus in your body are used mostly to help see whether you are infected and whether the infection has progressed over time. HIV virus can still be in your body, but in a dormant state, and you can be infected, but still not suffering from the disease, which is basically the final stage of the infection, and that is AIDS. HIV tests monitor the levels of RNA that in return informs the doctor about the number of viruses that are present in your body. Small amount of viruses in your body over time means that the complications of HIV virus are reduced to a minimum, and the development of HIV and AIDS slows down, giving you more years to live a normal life.
These tests help us to see in what stage the infection is in and whether the virus is dormant or not, it helps us to decide on the proper treatment and the therapy that would be effective enough to prevent the infection with HIV virus to progress to a further stage. The tests that detect the number of viruses in your body can also help us see the development of the HIV virus over time, so that we can act on it on time. This kind of test is not precisely in accordance with the FDA when it comes to detecting the HIV virus. More frequently used tests are antibody tests and a so called Western blot test, which are more accurate and can distinguish one type of the virus from the other.
Ordering tests and waiting on results
The HIV tests that detect the number of viruses in your body are usually performed when a patient gets the first diagnosis, meaning when he/she finds out that they are infected with the HIV virus. The results of these tests help the doctors to decide what kind of treatment is necessary at a certain stage of the development of the HIV virus, and whether the treatment should be performed immediately or at a later stage in life. If these tests show that the number of viruses in your body is really high, than that means that HIV is in full activity and therefore dangerous for the person infected.
These numbers are usually pretty high, and that means that the immune system is under an attack from the HIV virus and it needs help to fight it. If that number is really low, than the person infected with HIV virus is basically safe, because the HIV virus is in a dormant state.
These changes in the number of virus levels in your body can immensely help in monitoring the progress of HIV virus in your body. But be careful, if the HIV virus does not seem present in your blood, it only means that it might be developing somewhere else in your body first, like in tissue or other cells, so the caution regarding the testing for the HIV virus is extremely advised.