When someone is at great threat of getting Hepatitis C virus then for such people screening and test for Hepatitis C is suggested to make sure whether a person is infected or not because if it is not tested and treated on time then there is a risk that the acute form of Hepatitis C infection can become chronic infection. A common testing for Hepatitis C is known as HCV Antibody Testing and this test is carried out in the form of blood test. Many other types of Hepatitis C Testing and Screening are also conducted and among them some are as follows:
- HCV Antibody Testing – This is the very first trail that is taken to identify if a person is infected with Hepatitis C virus or not. The test is accomplished 2 to 3 months after disclosure or since when the virus get into the human body. If the results of the HVC antibodies testing are positive then it means that the person was affected with Hepatitis C virus and minimum of about 15 to 20% of the time, the virus vanishes off with no need of any type of medications. Since the function of the HCV Antibody Testing is to show previous infection. The next type of test is viral test which is also very important for the person who is infected with Hepatitis C.
- HCV Viral Load Testing – This type of test is conducted to verify whether there is still a virus in the bloodstream of the patient or not. HCV Viral Load Testing is of two types one is known as a quantitative HCV RNA test and the other is known as a qualitative HCV RNA test. The function of first type is used to determine the amount of virus in the blood of the patient and the other one is performed to determine whether there is a virus in the blood of patient or not. When we conduct HCV Viral Load Testing then, TMA (transcription-mediated amplification), PCR (polymerase chain reaction) and b DNA (branched DNA) are used. This test is very helpful as it can also inform about the condition of the patient that in near future whether the patient who is infected with Hepatitis will develop cirrhosis or liver damage. This test will also verify that how much time is required to clear out the virus. The test is also helpful in determining whether the treatment is certainly effective for the patient or not.
- HCV Genotypic Testing – the Hepatitis C virus consists of 7 genotypes. There are subtypes for every genotype .to determine the genotype of the genetic composition of the Hepatitis C virus that pass on a disease to a patient is the initial pace in selecting which is the best medicine that is useful for the treatment. The genotype of the Hepatitis C virus that transmits a disease to the patient is also helpful in determining that how long the treatment will take. A person can get infected with more than one genotype of Hepatitis C virus. These types of cases are common amongst the people who share needles when using drugs or the people who received transfusion of blood.