Just like any other sexually transmitted infections, syphilis needs to be treated as early as possible to prevent complications. Treating syphilis as early as possible can also prevent further spread of the infection.
What you need to know when treating syphilis
- The most common drug prescribed to treat syphilis is antibiotics. Antibiotics are being used regardless of how severe the infection is.
- Antibiotics can stop the syphilis infection to spread but it cannot reverse the complications brought by the infection
- After treatment, the patient must undergo a blood test to make sure that he or she is clear now of the infection
- If the patient has a sex partner at the moment, the sex partner must get tested for syphilis as well.
Syphilis and Home Treatment
The truth is there is no home treatment that can be done to cure syphilis. A need for an antibiotic is needed to kill the cause of syphilis infection such as penicillin. If you have syphilis and you know it, let your partner know. You cannot treat it at home but you can prevent your partner from having it too.
The most common drug used in treating syphilis infection is penicillin G. even for women that are currently pregnant, penicillin G is the most prescribed medicine. The CDC STD treatment guidelines of 2010 recommend penicillin G for treating pregnant women with syphilis without worries of adverse side effects to the patient or to the unborn child.
Penicillin G Benzathine is a single dose treatment. A single shot is good for 30 days. Once injected with penicillin G benzathine, do not get injected with Bicillin C-R or procaine and benzathine treatment. Bicillin C-R, on the other hand, stays in the body for 7 days only.
Other antibiotics used in treating syphilis are:
- Penicillin G benzathine (Bicillin L-A) – this is used in treating primary and secondary syphilis infection. It basically stops the infected cell from multiplying and prevents replication
- Penicillin G procaine – this is prescribed to patients with dormant syphilis that have been diagnosed late
- Doxycycline (Doryx, Vibramycin) – this is an alternative treatment for syphilis that works by halting the growth of syphilis bacterium
- Tetracycline (Sumycin) – this is another alternative treatment for syphilis that works by halting the growth of syphilis bacterium
- Erythromycin (E.E.S., E-Mycin) – another alternative treatment that stops the growth of syphilis bacterium and for treating staphylococcal and streptococcal infections
- Ceftriaxone (Rocephin) – this 3rd gen cephalosporin comes with a broad-spectrum, gram-negative activity and it also works by halting the growth of syphilis bacterium
For penicillin-allergic patients, there is an alternative drug that can be used to treat syphilis. Although still being studied, ceftriaxone and azithromycin are now the top options as an alternative treatment for penicillin-allergic patients that have syphilis. Although it is not yet officially recommended by the CDC, using ceftriaxone and azithromycin requires 7 days of treatment. Another alternative treatment is the use of non–beta-lactam antibiotics but still, insufficient data on its effectiveness in treating syphilis hinders CDC and other health organizations in recommending the said drug.