Attributable to the Treponema pallidum bacterium, syphilis is practically always contracted by sexual contact with an active syphilis sore, though a congenital infection wherein an expecting mother passes the infection to her unborn child can happen. Syphilis sores usually appear on the genitals, anus, or inside the anal area, but they may also appear on the mouth.
What are the usual syphilis symptoms and complications?
Among the classic issues with syphilis is that an infected man or woman may show no symptoms for quite some time, yet stay in danger of harm from the condition anyway. Syphilis is a long-term sickness that progress through levels. The signs and symptoms of syphilis differ based on the stage in the life cycle of the bacterium
What are the different syphilis stages?
The primary stage of syphilis signs is normally indicated by the growth and development of several sores. These can show up as early as nine days following infection, or as late as three months, but the presence of sores at around three weeks from infection is standard. These sores are tiny, rounded, solid, and pain-free, and develop at the point of infection. They endure for 3 to 6 weeks and they are treated on their own. In spite of this, healed sores do not indicate removal of the syphilis bacterium.
The secondary stage of syphilis symptoms is recognized for its skin rash breakouts and mucous membrane lesions. The rash will appear as abrasive, reddish, or reddish brown regions that are not particularly itchy. These rash breakouts can occur differently, yet, and this results in misdiagnosis. Additional symptoms include things like exhaustion, fever, baldness, severe headaches, muscle ache, enlarged lymph nodes, sore throat, and losing weight. As with primary stage symptoms, these warning signs will clear up on their own, but this does not necessarily mean syphilis has gone away.
With no treatment, someone with syphilis will continuously have the disease, despite the fact that there are no additional symptoms. This can continue for several years before late-stage syphilis emerges. The ailment may then continue on to bring about the damage the muscles and bones, brain, eyes, heart, nervous system, blood vessels, and liver. Warning signs of this degeneration include things like loss of muscle coordination, numbness, slow-moving blindness, dementia, and paralysis. Late syphilis can be lethal.
What treatment for syphilis can you get?
Syphilis is a quick matter to treat if detected early on: only one intramuscular shot of the antibiotic penicillin G or azithromycin is needed. Still, this is only the situation for infections of 12 months or less. Supplementary shots will be required for longer infections. Other antibiotics can be replaced for individuals who are allergic to penicillin. Treatment for syphilis will remedy an individual of the disease, but it will not treat whatever injury has already been carried out.
In recent times, drug-resistant syphilis has been expanding. The newest information demonstrates that 10% of new occurrences are immune to azithromycin.