Syphilis is attributable to the spiral-shaped bacterium (spirochete) Treponema pallidum, which can survive almost any place in the body and distributes swiftly. It is a relentless, tremendously infectious STD that can have destructive repercussions.
Syphilis has four stages.
A person infected with syphilis advances through four specific stages: primary stage, secondary stage, latent stage, and tertiary stage. Each of which could persist for many years. Severe health problems are prevalent and can be deadly in late-stage, or tertiary, syphilis.
Syphilis can trigger various symptoms and complications.
Syphilis has all types of presentations and can imitate some other illnesses and immune-mediated functions in advanced phases. Syphilis is transferred from one individual to another by way of direct contact with syphilis sore. Sores arise generally on the external genitals, anus, or in the rectum. Syphilis can also be transferred from mother to child during pregnancy resulting in a malady named congenital syphilis. Any active individual can be afflicted with syphilis, though there is a larger likelihood among young ones between the ages of 15 and 30 years.
Syphilis can be easily transmitted to other people.
Syphilis is passed on by direct contact with a bacteria-filled sore or rash on a man or woman already affected with the illness. The bacteria that bring about syphilis are transferred frequently during sexual activity with a companion who has a sore.
Syphilis can also be transferred by means of direct contact with the rash in the second stage of the ailment. The bacteria that initiate syphilis can scatter from an infected mommy to her fetus, or more occasionally, from a tainted blood transfusion.
Due to the fact that syphilis can be passed on from mother to fetus in utero, expecting mothers are tested for syphilis infection as an element of routine prenatal health care.
The disease can be passed on from contact with the ulcer which teems with spirochetes. In the event that the ulcer is outside of the vagina or on the male's scrotum, condoms cannot avoid transmission of the illness by contact.
If the ulcer is in the mouth, simply kissing the affected man or woman can spread the illness. The ulcer can clear up untreated after three to six weeks, but the ailment can recur several months later as secondary syphilis in case the primary stage is not addressed.