There are many kinds of HIV tests available for people who want to get HIV tested. Some make use of modern laboratory tools and equipment, while some are more portable and less complicated.
Because more and more people are contracting HIV as time goes by, it is important that every sexually active person in the world undergo an HIV test to make sure that they do not have the virus. Here are some of the most common HIV test methods used today:
HIV Tests in Hospitals
Hospitals are equipped with various types of lab equipment that enable them to perform their jobs efficiently. If you are somebody who wants to verify if you have HIV, you may want to visit your local hospital and get tested for HIV. The procedure does not take very long. You will probably be out of the hospital in less than an hour. All you need to do is provide the doctors with a sample of your urine, saliva, or blood. Once that is done, you can wait for your results after at least a week. The lab will analyze your fluids and look for traces of HIV antibodies in them. They will notify you of the results as soon as they can.
EIA or Enzyme ImmunoAssay
The Enzyme ImmunoAssay or EIA method is an HIV test that utilizes a plasma-containing serum that is obtained from a patient’s vein. There are a number of specialized tools and equipment involved in this method. The doctor will take a sample of the patient’s blood and examine it in the laboratory. In this HIV testing method, the doctor will look for hints of HIV antibodies in the blood. If he or she finds one, it means that the patient has HIV because his or her immune system has released these HIV antibodies to battle the virus. Results from EIA exams generally take several days or weeks. Even though it cannot really provide the news earlier, it is considered as one of the most accurate HIV testing methods today.
Rapid HIV Test
A rapid HIV test literally can be performed rapidly. It will only take about 5-30 minutes to perform the procedure. The United States Food and Drug Administration has approved the use of a rapid HIV test known as the Single Use Diagnostic System which allows the completion of the procedure in a short period of time. It is a very practical way of getting HIV tested because it does not need all the high-tech lab equipment in order to find out if a person has HIV or not. Many medical practitioners prefer to use it because it is very easy to administer and very convenient to use.