What Is Chlamydia?

In the US, one of the most commonly passed STDs is chlamydia. The reason for that is chlamydia doesn’t always present with symptoms, therefore it is spread further unknowingly. About half to three quarters of cases have no symptoms.

How Do I Know If I Have Chlamydia?

It is hard to know without going to the doctor and requesting a test since over half of the cases present with no symptoms.  When symptoms do occur they usually appear within a time frame of 1 to 3 weeks.  They will include the following

For Women Symptoms Can Range To Any One Or All Of These

  • Pelvic Inflammation Disease
  • Vaginal or rectal discharge with odor accompanied by itching or burning
  • Pain when passing urine that feels like burning
  • Pain during sex and or bleeding after sex
  • Abnormal bleeding during monthly cycles of periods
  • Discharge from the tip of the penis that maybe milky or yellowish In color
  • Pain when passing urine that feels like burning
  • Pain and or swelling of the testicles

For Men Symptoms Can Range To Any One Or All Of These

What Test Are Used For Diagnosis?

There are a couple tests that can be used for both men and women. The urine test checks for bacteria being present. A cotton swab of the discharge in the vaginal or urethra areas will be sent to the lab.

What Types Of Treatments Are Used?

Normally a course of antibiotics such as doxycycline is prescribed. You need to take these until they are gone. The doctor will most likely recommend that your partner be treated as well. They should also talk to you about notifying any other partners you have if you have more than one.

Women who have a severe case of chlamydia may have to be hospitalized and give a combination of antibiotics and pain medications intravenously.

After the antibiotics are gone you should be retested as well as any partners you may have had to make sure that the infection is cured.

Do not drink while taking this medication as they may not work properly and you should NOT have sex until after you and your partner have been cleared as being no long infected.

What Can Happen Without Treatment?

If not treated there can be long-term problems with chlamydia.

For Women These Can Be

  • PID- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  • Infertility caused by scarring of the uterus or fallopian tubes
  • Ectopic pregnancy –this is where the fertilized egg is not in the uterus but outside of it such as in the fallopian tube
  • There is also the possibility if you are pregnant to pass it to your child during birth which can cause eye infection and or pneumonia
  • Infection of the urethra known as NGU
  •  Epididymis this is an infection of the tube that carries sperm
  •  An inflammation of the rectum
  • NGU or Epididymis can cause infertility in men
  • Practice abstinence
  • Practice safe sex with protection every time
  • Have only one partner

For Men These Can Be

How To Reduce Risk Of Infection