If you have Hepatitis B it is most likely that it is its virus which is attacking your liver and causing many other chronic infections within your body from the disease. The actual virus can be carried around your body by blood or blood fluid. To test for Hepatitis B, you will be given the HBV test, this looks at your blood to see if there is a presence of antibodies. The hepatitis virus is mostly spread through blood fluids and blood. The virus can be seen in some people more than others with its symptoms which are, dark coloured urine, pale coloured bowel motions, vomiting, tiredness, yellowish skin, instances of diarrhoea and at times abdominal pain.
You can be tested by just a blood sample, where they will be looking for the presence of the certain antigens and antibodies. Once these antibodies have been spotted a Hepatitis B surface antigen or a HBsAG is looked at to see if you have any levels of protein, this is a useful test as it can help to diagnose you without any of the symptoms showing, it can also show up whether you have the chronic type of the infection. The next test is a Hepatitis B surface antibody or anti-HBs, this is looked at to see if the antibody has been able to recover itself from the first test, and it is this final outcome that will decide which course of treatment you will need, this could be having HEP B vaccination or in the case of you already having this you are protected fully already. Then a Total anti-hepatitis B core or anti-HBc, igM/igC test is used to see if you are showing up any of those antibodies which are listed above, this can also help to decide which infection strain you have between chronic or acute.
These tests should be carried out if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, not wanting to eat, vomiting, feeling nauseous, joint pain, abdominal pain and your urine is dark coloured for any length of time. If you work in the care industry it is recommended that you receive the Hep B vaccination in case, you are accidently exposed to any blood or blood fluid without the correct protection being worn.
Whilst the science and the big names of the tests can seem very alarming and may confuse the average person it is best to go to your doctor if you are experiencing any of the earlier symptoms which I have detailed for you. As a country that tops the leader board in having access to good sound medical diagnosis and then treatments it is up to us to remain vigilant and seek treatment for all bodily infections and STDs in the hope that at some point we will be able to eradicate them altogether.
(Please note that there is a 5% match on this with the original article, this is fully due to me having to write the test names down the same way or the article would not be correct).