Actually, there is no known cure for HIV and AIDS. What we have nowadays are different drugs and medications that can control and manage the virus. If HIV is not treated, it can easily replicate and spread all over the body, so treatment is necessary to minimize the danger and damage.
Medication to treat HIV/AIDS
There are different types of medications and drugs available today to treat HIV/AIDS. Here are some examples:
- The non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors or NNRTIs are anti-HIV drugs that can disable or turn off a protein that is necessary for HIV to replicate. These come in different varieties, including nevirapine, etravirine, and efavirenz.
- The nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors or NRTIs act like dummy versions of the components HIV needs to replicate. Examples of this particular drug are the zidovudine, lamivudine, tenofovir, and emtricitabine.
- Entry inhibitors/fusion inhibitors function as blockages to stop the HIV from entering the CD4 cells. Examples of this are maraviroc and enfuvirtide.
- Protease inhibitors, such as fosamprenavir, ritonavir, darunavir, and atazanavir, disable protease to not allow HIV to replicate.
- Integrase inhibitors, like raltegravir, disables the protein known as integrase to prevent HIV from inserting its genetic materials into the body's CD4 cells.
It is important to get an HIV/AIDs test at the earliest opportunity so as to receive the appropriate treatment as soon as possible. Use STD Rapid Test Kits' rapid HIV screening test kit to test for HIV efficiently.