Attributed to the Treponema pallidum bacterium, syphilis is practically always contracted by way of sexual contact with an existing syphilis sore, despite the fact that a congenital infection wherein a pregnant female passes the infection to her unborn baby is quite possible. Syphilis sores generally show up on the genitals, anus, or inside the rectum, but they might also appear on the mouth.
Transmission frequently arises when one individual comes into contact with lesions on an affected man or woman thru sexual activity.
Guys are generally more susceptible to contracting syphilis as compared to girls.
The indications of syphilis happen in stages known as primary, secondary and late. The first or primary indication of syphilis is actually a sore (or sores), which is pain-free and shows up at the site of very first contact. It could be coupled with enlarged glands, which build up within a week after the presence of the first sore. The sore might endure from one to five weeks, and may vanish by itself no matter if no treatment is obtained. About six weeks after the sore first shows up, a man or woman will get into the second stage of the health problem.
Warning signs of Syphilis
The warning signs of the very first stage of the infection, often referred to as primary syphilis, generally surface 2 to 12 weeks after sexual exposure with an affected individual. A painless red-colored sore known as a chancre can be visible on the genitals, at the spot where the infection developed. Inflamed lymph nodes (swollen glands) also may be found in the site.
The secondary stage generally starts weeks to months after the chancre sore emerges. Syphilis bacteria go into the blood vessels and distribute through the body , leading to numerous symptoms , which includes rash ( tiny red-colored spots ) , fever , pounding headache , loss of appetite , losing weight
This stage is otherwise known as late benign syphilis. This late kind of syphilis could cause devastation of practically any organ within the body. Granulomas can be found in the bone, skin and other tissues. The heart and blood vessels, and central nervous system are often the most seriously affected (identified as cardiovascular syphilis and neurosyphilis).
Syphilis is an easy matter to treat, if spotted early on: just one single intramuscular shot of the antibiotic penicillin G or azithromycin is needed. Although, this is only the circumstance for infections of twelve months or less. Supplementary shots will be required for longer infections. Some other antibiotics can be swapped for people who are allergic to penicillin. Treatment for syphilis will remedy someone of the health issue, but it will not fix whatever injury has already been carried out.