Gonorrhea is one of the most common and most frequent sexually transmitted infections, also known as STIs. It is, by default, caused by a bacteria that, like all bacteria, grows in warm and wet areas of your body, which primarily includes the reproductive tract. Its symptoms are not that visible at first, so the person infected can go on for weeks without knowing that they are infected with gonorrhea. A person can get infected with this sexually transmitted infection while practicing vaginal, anal or oral unsafe sex, and that is the most common way to spread the disease from one person to another. Also, you can get infected with this sexually transmitted infection if you for example touch the infected organ or area and then touch your eyes, but it is useful to know that gonorrhea can’t be transmitted by sitting on a toilet seat or simply by shaking hands. Gonorrhea is also one of those sexually transmitted infections that can be transmitted during pregnancy, form a mother to a new-born child or right after the child’s birth.
The Risk Group and Symptoms of Gonorrhea
Most groups that are at risk of getting infected with this sexually transmitted disease are people who have multiple partners, the ones who don’t practice safe sex and use the condom properly, people who have already suffered from this sexually transmitted disease, sex workers, drug users and such. As we already mentioned, the symptoms for gonorrhea are very vague, and most women for example do not even realize that they are infected until it is too late. Nevertheless, the symptoms appear usually after a period of ten to fourteen days and may manifest themselves in women as a pain or a burning sensation when urinating, as a vaginal discharge, then s stronger bleeding between menstrual periods and heavy bleeding during your menstruation period, as well as pain during a sexual intercourse. For men, on the other hand, these symptoms include, apart from the pain or a burning sensation while urinating, a discharge or pain coming from the inside of a penis, and painful testicles.
Tests and Treatment
There are several tests for gonorrhea, which include a swab sample from the part of the body that is infected, urine test, and gram stain, which is done at the doctor’s office and they take a sample from the urethra, place it on the glass and stain it with dye. The treatment includes a therapy with antibiotics, but be aware that every bacteria evolve and create their own immunity, so the usual drugs in some more serious cases of infection might not work.
Gonorrhea can cause problems during pregnancy as well, it can be transmitted from a mother to a child, even after birth, or the baby can be born prematurely. The ways to avoid that include practicing safe sex and using condoms, be faithful to your partner, avoid having multiple sexual partners, and test yourself regularly. If you think you have gonorrhea, talk to your partner and your doctor about it to prevent it.