Gonorrhea is the second most prevalent sexually transmitted disease in North America. Only Chlamydia infects lots more people. Gonorrhea is due to the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The infection can affect mucous linings in the cervix, vagina, penis, throat, eyes, and rectum.
In Canada, almost 10, 000 cases of gonorrhea were recorded in 2010.
Men and women who have sex without using condoms are more inclined to get this infection, as well as those that have several sexual partners.
How is gonorrhea transmitted?
Gonorrhea is practically always sexually transmitted. Genital intercourse brings about gonorrhea of the genitals. Anal sex can cause gonorrhea to the anal area. Oral sex can result in gonorrhea of the throat. Gonorrheal eye infections are frequently present in babies who have picked it up in the delivery canal, but grownups could get eye infections in the event that they come close to the infected area and then rub their eyes.
What are the symptoms of gonorrhea?
Gonorrhea is considerably prone to trigger signs or symptoms in males as opposed to females. In men, signs and symptoms generally show up after two to fourteen days, but sometimes surface months after infection. You can find a discharge of yellow-colored or greenish pus from the penis and a frequent need to pass urine. Urinating frequently brings about burning painful sensation that can be serious. The opening of the penis might be reddish and inflamed.
Nearly all females don't get signs or symptoms unless of course there are additional complications. Some may suffer from a painful sensation on urination. Many have an apparent vaginal discharge that may actually be originating from the cervix. The discharge is generally yellow-colored or green, but it could possibly contain blood. It usually has a nasty smell. Signs or symptoms in females show up later on if they appear at all, generally seven to twenty-one days after infection. Nearly all women are clinically diagnosed only after their partner seeks proper treatment.
How is a gonorrhea test done?
To find out if the gonorrhea bacterium exists in your body, your physician will examine a sample of cells. Samples can be obtained by:
Urine test - this could help determine bacteria in your urethra.
Swab of infected area- a swab of your throat, urethra, vagina or rectum might amass bacteria that can be observed in a laboratory.
Testing for some other sexually transmitted diseases - your personal doctor also may suggest tests for other sexually transmitted diseases.
Gonorrhea enhances your chance of these infections, specifically Chlamydia, which unfortunately usually comes with gonorrhea. Testing for HIV is likewise advisable for someone diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease. Based on your risk factors, tests for more sexually transmitted diseases could very well be advantageous.
How do you treat gonorrhea?
People with gonorrhea are taken care of with antibiotics. As a result of emerging strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae that are resistant to these medications, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises that simple gonorrhea be dealt with only with the antibiotic ceftriaxone combined with either azithromycin or doxycycline, which are a couple of antibiotics that are ingested orally.