Among the most menacing diseases nowadays is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. It can infect all people, no matter what age, weight, height, or nationality. It is classified as a pandemic disease due to its capability to swiftly spread from a person to another.
There are basically two varieties of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2. Out of these two, the HIV-1 is able to spread out more rapidly and is the root cause of international infection.
Stages of infection
An individual who is affected by HIV will experience go through four stages. These are the following:
- First Stage - The very first stage is known as the incubation period. In this situation, zero visible warning signs are seen by the patient. It can endure between a matter of days and several weeks.
- Second Stage - An afflicted man or woman starts off presenting a number of symptoms like a sore throat, intense rashes, deteriorating muscles, mouth sores, inflammation of the lymph nodes, and fever.
- Third Stage - This stage is called the latency period. It can endure for as long as some three years, but if the affected person goes through antiretroviral treatment method, he or she can lower the length down to two or three weeks. At this stage, the immune system begins to create antibodies that will strike the virus.
- Fourth Stage - This stage is when the affected person gets AIDS. This normally comes about when HIV is left undiagnosed and neglected. AIDS patients also undertake antiretroviral treatment plan.
Facts about HIV
Not too long ago, there was this idea is that only homosexual males can be afflicted with the virus, and they are the only carriers of the viral strain. These are not absolutely correct. Both males and females can get HIV and bear the virus if they have been in sexual contact with someone who is already affected by the virus. Apart from that, expectant women can also transfer the health problem to their infants in the course of the pregnancy period. Sharing of hypodermics and blood transfusion might also allow the virus to journey from one individual to another.
As reported by the World Health Organization, less than one percent of the world’s population is HIV-positive, and that figure proceeds to become greater and larger every day. In the developing regions, the initiatives to make people informed about the infection are continuing. Numerous scientific studies, studies, and movements are carried out to advise and let them know of the hazards of HIV. At the moment, the place that has the biggest number of HIV infected folks is the sub-Sahara in Africa wherein nearly 28 million suffer the pain of the infection, among them three million kids that are below fifteen years old.