Chlamydia is caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis. It is categorized as a sexually transmitted disease because it is mainly transmitted via sexual activities. According to statistics, the number of Chlamydia-infected people continues to increase each year and because of that, Chlamydia is now the most common STD.
Usually dubbed as a “silent killer,” Chlamydia earned that name because of its capability to not manifest any type of sign or symptom once it enters a person’s body. It has been reported that more than half of the Chlamydia cases around the world do not show any immediate indication and for that reason, many Chlamydia cases remain undiagnosed.
Men and women manifest different sets of symptoms once they get afflicted with Chlamydia.
In men, the symptoms may show up at least a week after being in contact with the bacteria. The earliest Chlamydia symptoms in men include pain in the testicles due to swelling, painful urination, and odd-colored discharge coming from the penis. These symptoms usually disappear after some days, but they are going to be replaced with more serious complications if not treated immediately.
Common complications of Chlamydia include swollen testicles, infertility, and reactive arthritis.
In women, the symptoms may show up at least a week after being in contact with the bacteria as well. the earliest symptoms of Chlamydia in women include bleeding after sexual intercourse, bleeding in between their menstrual periods, painful urination, lower abdominal pains, and odd-colored discharge from the vagina.
If Chlamydia in women is not treated right away, severe complications may arise such as miscarriage, infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and PID or Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.
Because of the harm and damage Chlamydia can bring about to a person, it is necessary to know how you can protect yourself from acquiring this disease. There are several ways to prevent contracting Chlamydia and some of them are by doing the following:
- Using protection when having sex – either oral, vaginal, or anal
- Not engaging in extramarital affairs
- Not cheating on your significant other
- Not using or sharing sex toys that may be contaminated
- Get tested for Chlamydia as often as you can especially if you are sexually active
The best way to treat Chlamydia is by using antibiotics. After you have completed a Chlamydia test and you turn out to be positive with it, you are going to be prescribed to take certain antibiotics to get rid of the bacteria. Two of the most commonly prescribed by doctors are doxycycline and azithromycin.