HIV, the Killer Virus

Probably among the most horrendous diseases in this day and age is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. It can infect all people, irrespective of weight, age, height, or citizenship. It is identified as a pandemic disease on account of its power to swiftly spread from someone to another.

Types of HIV

Actually, there are basically two kinds of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2. The HIV-1 spreads out much faster and is the root cause of global infection. Someone who is afflicted with HIV will experience at most 4 phases.

Stages of HIV infection

The very first stage is known as the incubation period. At this point, no visible warning signs are encountered by the patient. It can survive between two or three days and a couple of weeks.
An affected man or woman starts off exhibiting various symptoms like mouth sores, intense rashes, sore throat, weakening muscle tissues, fever, and inflammation of the lymph nodes once they enter the second stage.

The third stage is known as the latency period. It can persist for as long as a couple of years, however, if the patient goes through antiretroviral treatment method, he or she can reduce the span down to a couple of weeks. When this happens, the immune system commences creating antibodies that will assail the virus.

The fourth stage is the minute the patient gets AIDS. This typically comes about when HIV is left undiagnosed and without treatment. AIDS patients also undertake the antiretroviral procedure.

How HIV is transmitted

Some time ago, there was an idea that only homosexual males can be damaged by the virus, and they are the only carriers of the infection. These are not 100 percent correct. Men and women can obtain HIV and bear the virus if they have been in sexual contact with someone else who is already afflicted with the virus. Apart from that, expecting mothers can also transmit the infection to their infants during the pregnancy period. Sharing of sharp needles and blood transfusion could possibly allow the virus to travel from a person to another.

HIV infection rates

As reported by the World Health Organization, approximately 0.6 percent of the world’s population is HIV-positive, and that figure goes on to become larger and greater day after day. In the developing regions, the initiatives to make people know about the disease are existing. A variety of experiments and promotions are carried out to instruct and make sure they know the risks of HIV. At the moment, the location that has the greatest number of HIV infected folks is the sub-Sahara in Africa in which practically 28 million are afflicted by the disease, this includes three million children that are fifteen and below.

Preventing infection

Defending against HIV remains to be better than treating it, so each one is urged to apply safe sex each and every time. Utilize protection when having sexual intercourse, and get you and your partners tested. Through this way, if one of you receives a positive result, you or they can ask for medical assistance while the disease is still in its initial stages.