An unfortunate reality

It is an unfortunate part of reality but it is there. The fact is that many children are victims of the HIV virus. This is because children are just at risk of contracting the disease during their infancy as adults are. There is a real possibility that they can contract the illness. This is because the HIV virus can be transferred from a mother to the unborn child that she is carrying. This unfortunate part of reality is the truth. It can be transmitted in this way. 

An increase in cases of HIV in children

With children with HIV come different techniques, methods and challenges for treatment. The methods used for treating adults cannot be applied to children with HIV. They are different in many ways. It is estimated that there are around 2 million children all over the world who have HIV. Because this figure was established in 2007 the number could have increased dramatically. 

3 ways children get HIV

There are 3 main methods that HIV is usually transferred to children. The first method is through childbirth. The mother transfers the virus to the child she is carrying. The second method is through blood transfusion or getting a transfusion of contaminated blood. The third method is through using a contaminated needle. The second method can easily be avoided or prevented with the proper screening and precautions in place. After all blood banks regularly screen the blood they get for donation. If the screening is good, they should easily be able to detect contaminated blood and screen it accordingly. The third method is also easily avoidable. Needles can easily be disposed of and there is no real reason to use a contaminated needle on a child. It would only be an extremely perverse act that would be deplorable. The first method is not so easily avoidable as the last two. Without proper testing an expectant mother would never know if she had HIV or not. This makes it very tragic but it is still treatable. It is also sometimes difficult to gauge the proper amount or doses of medicine that must be given to kids over adults. 

Differing treatments in children and adults

There are many treatments in place for children with HIV. The methods are in place. And children actually have some better chances than adults in combatting the disease. This is because at their young ages, their immune systems are just developing. With their immune systems still being in developmental stages, children actually respond more to treatment than adults. They also have much higher rates of metabolism and are more energetic as a rule. They also have more fats in their tiny bodies. These physical and physiological differences of children and adults make a big difference in terms of treatments and how they are applied. Children may also have a harder time taking their medicine than adults. Children have very sensitive taste buds and would not want to take in bitter medicine and this could sometimes hamper treatment.