HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus is a global threat that affects all of the population in the same way, and, if undetected and untreated in time, it can result in death. It is a big and the most important global health issue today, which affected more than 40 million, lives already. Around 35 million of the population have reported being living with HIV infection at the end of 2013, which is still a very serious data in today’s modern world. Sub-Saharan parts of Africa, the area where it all started and transmitted across the world, is still one of the most affected areas when it comes to HIV infection. The target of HIV is our immune system. The virus infects the body and starts multiplying slowly, in that way attacking our body and weakening it rapidly. Some people who are infected with HIV are not even aware of the infection lingering in their bodies, usually until it is too late. That is why HIV routine screening around the world has become almost obligatory for everyone, no matter the background and age, and most tests are very accessible today, including the emergence of various home tests that can help you detect the HIV infection and its virus in time, in the early stage of the disease, when there is still time to undergo a treatment that could save your life, and increase the quality of your life. The last stage of HIV infection is the progression of the virus into the disease that we know as AIDS, which is shortened from acquired immune deficiency syndrome, and in this stage, the final result is usually the death of the infected person.


The symptoms of HIV infection usually depend on various stages that the body goes through when it is infected. In the early stage, the symptoms are usually mild and include vomiting, fever, headaches, which are basically the symptoms of the flu, for example, and most people do think that they have the flu rather than a sexually transmitted infection like HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus. As the infection progresses through various phases, it weakens the immune system rapidly and if not detected and treated in time, it can become life-threatening and eventually result in person’s death. HIV virus can be transmitted through vaginal, oral or anal sexual contact, without using condoms or any kind of other protection available, practicing sex for money, having multiple partners, having sex with a person who is already infected and sharing needles in drug use, for example.


People can help reduce those risks of getting infected with HIV virus by using both male and female condoms, which are made from latex and because of it, the virus can’t be spread through that kind of a strong material. If you think that you might be infected with HIV virus, testing and counseling are essential for your actions. There is also an antiretroviral use to prevent HIV infection, which is really effective when it comes to prevention of HIV.