HIV is among the most dreaded diseases in the world today. It is a sexually-transmitted disease that strikes a person’s immune system, resulting to weakened resistance to other harmful viruses, bacteria, and other microorganisms.
According to statistics, approximately three million people were diagnosed with HIV a couple of years ago. These days, more than thirty million people around the world are reported to have been infected with HIV. It is really quite alarming, and HIV has now become a worldwide epidemic.
What kinds of destructions does HIV cause?
HIV, once it strikes a person’s body, triggers the deterioration of that person’s immune system. It then causes the vital organs to function abnormally. As a result, the person becomes less able to fight off the other harmful organisms and diseases that may threaten the person’s body.
It is extremely important to get tested for HIV and get treatment for it before it progresses into full-blown Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS. AIDS, as of the moment, has no known cure, and it has already taken the lives of many people around the world.
How do you transmit HIV?
There are several ways to transmit HIV. First off, its primary mode of transmission is by having unprotected sexual intercourse with an HIV-positive individual. The sex can either be vaginal or anal.
Another way to transmit HIV is by blood transfusion. In some instances, HIV-infected blood has found a way to sneak in blood banks. Unknowingly, a blood receiver takes the infected blood in and also gets infected with the disease.
Exposing yourself to open wounds or tissues of HIV-infected people is also a sure way of getting the infection. Therefore, try to keep your distance from them and be careful all the time.
Sharing sharp and pointed instruments such as needles and syringes is also a means of transmitting HIV from one person to another.
An HIV-positive mother can also pass the HIV on to her child during pregnancy or childbirth, and if she breastfeeds the baby.
Since HIV can easily spread, it is necessary for all of us to practice proper precautions when having sex and handling various kinds of supplies and materials. HIV is an infection that can gradually destroy the body, so we must always be vigilant and learn to protect ourselves as much as we can.