One of the most well-known STDs is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. It is a viral strain that impairs the normal performance of the human body’s immune system. As time continues, the virus will strike one organ after another, which will result in the destruction and eventual devastation of the human body.
How is HIV transmitted?
HIV is passed on by the following means:
- From an HIV-infected female to her infant
- Via sexual intercourse
- Via transfusion of HIV-infected blood
- By using needles already utilized by an HIV patient
Why go through HIV screening?
HIV screening is necessary since it detects the occurrence of the virus in an individual’s body. It can inform us how severe the infection has become, and how the person’s antibodies are reacting. HIV is a health problem that we must not simply ignore, and we have to help out those that are at risk of it.
Ways of conducting HIV screening
There are several strategies for HIV screening. A couple of the widely-used is known as the Western Blot Tests and the ELISA. They are diagnostic processes that health professionals have been utilizing for several years now, and they have proven to be accurate and precise when diagnosing HIV.
In ELISA, a blood sample of the sufferer is necessary to decide if there are HIV antibodies existing. It is a really common procedure worldwide and is advised by medical doctors and other workers in the area.
One other method used is known as the Radioimmunoprecipitation Assay, also called RIPA. It makes use of a truly ultra powerful apparatus to diagnose an individual. It is very costly and only certified and skilled laboratory technicians are allowed to conduct it. It also requires some time to get the results.
A cheaper Screening method
In the developing nations, the Rapid Latex Agglutination Assay is quite typical since it is less expensive in comparison to the other techniques. It is a blood test that can evaluate if you are HIV positive or negative without the advanced, high-priced testing equipment and features.
HIV is an illness that we ought to pay attention to. It has already taken away the lives of countless people around the world due to lack of awareness and information regarding it. We must all make an effort to spread the word the way to prevent and overcome it.