People are aware of the existence of many different kinds of sexually transmitted diseases or STDs. They have probably heard of them on the news, read about them on newspapers and science books, or came across them in their health classes.
Syphilis is one these common STDs that we have been warned about. It is a complication that could last all our lifetime. It has so many adverse effects to the human body and it could lead to much more serious diseases if left undiagnosed and untreated.
Stages of syphilis
Those that get infected with syphilis may not exhibit symptoms until after some time, even after a couple of years. The common symptoms of a patient in the early stage of the disease will show at least one sore that is painless, hard, and small. The sore can heal by itself, and this is the reason why most people do not realize that they have syphilis early on.
A patient reaches the second stage once more rashes appear on the body, accompanied by a sore throat, fever, muscle ache, headache, hair loss, genital lumps, enlargement of lymph nodes, swelling of the glands, and fatigue. All of these symptoms will go away and heal on their own, just like the first stage symptoms. However, the bad thing about that fact is that once again, the patient is left to think that he or she is okay and there is nothing to worry about his or health.
If the disease is still undiagnosed and untreated after the second stage, the infection will evolve into more serious complications that are far dangerous and hazardous. The late stage of syphilis involves the more important internal organs of the body such as the liver, brain, bones, nerves, and joints. A person who is experiencing this syphilis stage will experience numbness, dementia, paralysis, stroke, membrane inflammation, poor muscle coordination, and blindness. He or she will eventually die from all these complications if the proper medication and health remedies are not given to him or her immediately.
How to test for syphilis
A person infected with syphilis should undergo diagnostic tests to detect the presence of the infection. Usually, a doctor will examine the sores to verify the type of STD that the patient has. A blood sample will also be taken so that the presence of syphilis antibodies can be determined. This test gives accurate results, and is safe and cheap. At first, there might be a possibility of not being able to detect the antibodies, but it is strongly encouraged to take several more blood tests for confirmation and assurance.
A patient can also get antibiotic treatment where he or she is prescribed with penicillin to fight off the infection. He or she will have to take the meds for several months to years. Those that are allergic to penicillin will be given either erythromycin or tetracycline.