Brought about by the Treponema pallidum bacterium, syphilis is nearly always contracted via sexual contact with an active syphilis sore, but a congenital infection in which an expecting mother passes the health issue to her unborn child is quite possible. Syphilis sores usually arise on the genitals, anus, or inside the colon, but they may also appear on the mouth.
What symptoms and complications does syphilis bring about?
Among the classic difficulties with syphilis is that an infected individual may show no symptoms for several years, yet stay in danger of harm from the infection anyway. Syphilis is a long-term sickness that progress through levels. The signs and symptoms of syphilis fluctuate dependent on the stage in the life cycle of the bacterium.
What are the different syphilis stages?
Primary stage syphilis signs are normally notable for the growth and development of a number of sores. These can show up as early as nine days following infection, or as late as three months, but the emergence of sores at around three weeks from infection is normal. These sores are tiny, circular, solid, and not painful, and arise at the point of infection. They survive for 3 to 6 weeks and then be treated on their own. In spite of this, healed sores do not signify removal of the syphilis bacterium.
The secondary stage of syphilis symptoms is noticed for its skin rash breakouts and mucous membrane lesions. The rash will appear as coarse, reddish, or reddish brown regions that are not particularly itchy. These rash breakouts can occur differently, yet, and this results in misdiagnosis. Some other symptoms include things like exhaustion, fever, hair thinning, mild to severe headaches, muscle ache, enlarged lymph nodes, sore throat, and weight reduction. As with primary stage symptoms, these warning signs will clear up on their own, but this does not necessarily mean syphilis has gone away.
Unattended, someone with syphilis will continuously have the disease, although there are no more symptoms. This can continue for quite some time before late-stage syphilis occurs. The ailment may then advance on to bring about the damage the muscles and bones, brain, eyes, heart, nervous system, blood vessels, and liver. Signs and symptoms of this degeneration include things like loss of muscle coordination, numbness, slow-moving blindness, dementia, and paralysis. Late syphilis can be lethal.
What are the treatment options to fight syphilis?
Syphilis is a quick matter to remedy if diagnosed at the beginning: only one intramuscular shot of the antibiotic penicillin G or azithromycin is necessary. Yet, this is only the scenario for infections of 12 months or less. Other shots will be necessary for longer infections. Other antibiotics can be swapped for individuals who are allergic to penicillin. Treatment for syphilis will treat an individual of the disease, but it will not treat whatever harm has already been caused.
In recent times, drug-resistant syphilis has been expanding. The newest information reveals that about ten percent of new incidents are immune to the drug azithromycin.