Among the most dreaded diseases in this day and age is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. It can infect all people, no matter what age, weight, size, or nationality. It is classified as a pandemic disease due to its capability to rapidly spread from one individual to another.

There are basically two types of HIV --- the HIV-1 and the HIV-2. The HIV-1 spreads more quickly and is the reason for global infection.
Someone who is afflicted with HIV is going to go through at most four stages. These are the following:

First Stage

The first stage is known as the incubation period. In this instance, no visible signs or symptoms are encountered by the patient. It can survive for a couple of days and a few weeks. 

Second Stage

An afflicted person will begin demonstrating certain signs and symptoms like rash breakouts, deteriorating muscles, sore throat, fever, mouth sores, and inflammation of the lymph nodes. 

Third Stage

This stage is known as the latency period. It can persist for as long as several years, but when the patient goes through antiretroviral treatment, he or she can reduce the length down to a few weeks. When this happens, the immune system begins to generate antibodies that will assault the virus. 

Fourth Stage

This stage is when the affected person gets AIDS. This normally occurs when HIV is left undiagnosed and without treatment. AIDS patients also go through antiretroviral treatment.

You might have asked yourself this question before: “How can I get HIV?” Actually, the general belief is that only homosexual guys can be infected with the virus, and they are the only source of the viral strain. These are not completely accurate. Males and females can get HIV and bear the virus if they have been in sexual contact with someone else who is already afflicted with the virus. In addition to that, pregnant women can also transmit the condition to their infants during the pregnancy period. Sharing of hypodermics and blood transfusion might also allow the virus to go from one person to another.

As stated by the World Health Organization, approximately 0 .6% of the world’s human population is HIV-positive, and that quantity continues to become larger and larger every day. In the developing nations, the initiatives to make people conscious of the disease are continuing. Different scientific studies and campaigns are carried out to inform and advise them of the hazards of HIV. Today, the region that has the biggest number of HIV infected individuals is the sub-Sahara in the African continent where about 28 million are afflicted with the disease, which includes three million kids that are below fifteen years old.

Prevention of HIV continues to be much better than treating it, so everyone is urged to practice safe sex each and every time. Make use of protection when having sexual intercourse, and get you and your partners HIV tested. By doing this, if one of you receives a positive result, you or they can look for medical assistance whiles the conditions still on its initial stages.