The HIV infection is one of the most notorious diseases today. It weakens a person’s immune system, which results in many different complications. Anyone who gets afflicted with HIV may experience injuries and damages in many vital organs of the body.
How people get infected with HIV virus
HIV, or the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, can be contracted in various ways. A few of the most typical transmission methods are --- sharing needles with an HIV-infected individual, transfusion of HIV-contaminated blood, sexual intercourse with an HIV positive individual, and an HIV patient mother to her child/baby.
If HIV is left undiagnosed and without treatment, it may progress to AIDS, which is also a very terrifying sexually transmitted disease today. It is feared by everyone because of the number of deaths among men and women, young and old, that it has caused.
The symptoms and indicators of infection
As soon as HIV infects a person, the first symptom that may manifest is flu. Many people may pay no attention to it and think of it as nothing terrible. As a result, they end up forgetting about it and discover that they are infected with something harmful when it is already too late and treatment is useless. For this reason, health professionals advise all, particularly the sexually-active ones, to undertake an HIV screening test as soon as they notice the flu symptoms.
The benefits of testing early
HIV needs to be diagnosed early on to prevent a person from a lot of destructive injuries by HIV or AIDS. People who are afflicted with any sexually-transmitted disease or STD, make use of needles when ingesting drugs, had unprotected sexual intercourse, those with an HIV-positive sexual partner, and/or slept with sexually-active homosexual guys are urged to get the test ASAP!
The various screening tests conducted
HIV screening tests are available in different forms: urine tests, swab tests or oral tests, and blood tests. The urgency of HIV testing is to detect not the occurrence of HIV itself but to find out if there are traces of HIV antibodies emitted by the immune system to combat the HIV strain. It is possible for an HIV sufferer to have a negative test result if his or her immune system struggles to generate enough antibodies to offer protection to his or her body. When this happens, the person must wait a few more days/weeks and get tested for HIV again to be sure.
It will usually need at least three weeks up to three months before the human body could actually generate sufficient antibodies that can be detected in an HIV test. After this length of time passes, a more clear-cut HIV test result can be taken. It is important not to have sex with other people within this timeframe so as to avoid passing on the HIV to more people.