One of the most terrible diseases in this era is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. It can infect anybody, regardless of what age, weight, height, or nationality. It is branded as a pandemic disease because of its power to quickly spread from one human to another.
Types of HIV and the various stages of infection
There are mainly two types of HIV, and they are the HIV-1 and the HIV-2. The HIV-1 spreads out more rapidly and is the reason behind universal contamination. A person who is suffering from HIV will encounter at most four stages:
- First Stage: The initial stage is called the incubation period. At this stage, zero obvious indicators are experienced by the patient. It can thrive for a few days and a number of weeks.
- Second Stage: An infected man or woman starts out exhibiting different symptoms such as weakening muscle mass, intense rashes, sore throat, mouth sores, fever, and swelling of the lymph nodes.
- Third Stage: This stage is referred to as the latency period. It can continue for as long as several years, yet if the patient is exposed to antiretroviral treatment solution, he or she can reduce the period down to a couple of weeks. At this point, the immune system starts to produce antibodies that will attack the virus.
- Fourth Stage: This stage is the instance the patient develops AIDS. This often takes place when HIV is left undiagnosed and uncared for. AIDS patients also undergo antiretroviral medical treatment.
Prevention of HIV
As reported by the World Health Organization, less than one percent of the world’s human population is HIV-positive, and that amount continues to become larger and larger every single day. In the developing areas, the drives to make people aware of the disease are keeping up. Various tests and promotions are performed to notify and let them know of the hazards of HIV.
Defending against HIV prevails to be much better than treating it, so people are advised to use safe sex every single one of the time. Use protection when having sexual intercourse, and get you and your companions tested. Through this process, if one of you gets a positive result, you or they can seek medical attention while the infection is still in its opening phases.