Antibody tests, antigen tests, and rapid HIV tests are three common ways to test for HIV. Medical professionals and healthcare practitioners everywhere drastically endorse routine HIV testing as a measure of making certain personal overall health and managing the spread of HIV.
Because HIV can continue living in its host without obvious signs and symptoms for a long time, seeking this at a trusted facility not just defends your future health, but also that of your loved ones and special partners. That said, let me share some facts on various professional HIV testing options made available to you.
Antibody Tests are the most used HIV testing means of routine screening. They take full advantage of the fact that your body biologically produces anti-infection proteins referred to as antibodies as a response to HIV infection. This process sees antibodies from a blood, saliva, or urine sample. Generally an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or ELISA is the perfect antibody test due to its great sensitivity. This approach of HIV testing is recommended three months after probable exposure. If an HIV-positive lady has a baby, their antibodies will be passed down and confined to the baby's body for approximately a year or more. Other medical tests are utilized in this illustration . Correspondingly, people that have joined in HIV vaccine trials need to take various tests to lower the likelihood of false results.
Antigen Tests look for elements from the HIV virus itself , generally known as antigens . Primarily , they locate the P24 protein made at the start of HIV infection. This sort of testing is not truly sensitive and is not particularly suggested on its own. Instead, medical practitioners perform hybrid HIV testing by tying up antigen tests with standard antibody tests to increase accuracy and reliability while decreasing the window period. Often known as fourth-generation tests, these new models in this testing will come up with increased frequency as professional medical scientific knowledge proceeds to go ahead.
Rapid HIV Tests focus on the matching specifications as antibody tests with much faster turnaround. They need lower than an hour and generally call for no follow-up visit. The analysis is performed at clinics or health centers by physicians. They are more convenient for medical staff to perform and minimally invasive for the patient. These are well suited for persistent medical situations or sites where consumers are unlikely to revert to validate on their results.
As a useful reminder, it is essential to follow up a positive result with different tests-this substantially reduces the risk of a fluke in the testing. You have to also understand that a number of the home HIV testing kits that you can purchase may not have FDA permission and are likely to generate false or inaccurate test results.