Syphilis is a tenacious, extremely infectious STD that can have destructive implications. It is brought on by the spiral-shaped bacterium (spirochete) Treponema pallidum, which can exist in almost any spot in the body and distributes swiftly.
The illness evolves through four specific stages—primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary—each of which could survive for many years. Severe health problems are prevalent and can be deadly in late-stage, or tertiary, syphilis.
Syphilis has all sorts of presentations and can imitate various other illnesses and immune-mediated tasks in advanced phases. Syphilis is transferred from one individual to another via direct contact with a syphilis sore. Sores appear primarily on the external genitals, anus, or in the rectum.
Syphilis can also be passed on from mother to baby during pregnancy resulting in a condition known as congenital syphilis. Any active individual can be affected with syphilis, albeit there is a higher occurrence among youngsters between the ages of 15 and 30 years.
The disease can be transferred from contact with the ulcer which teems with spirochetes. In the event that the ulcer is outside of the vagina or on the male's scrotum, condoms might not avoid transmission of the illness by contact.
Likewise, if the ulcer is in the mouth, simply kissing the afflicted person can spread the illness. The ulcer can eliminate with no treatment after three to six weeks, but the ailment can recur many months later as secondary syphilis in case the primary stage is not addressed.
Syphilis is passed on via direct contact with a bacteria-filled sore or rash on an individual already affected with the condition. The bacteria that bring about syphilis are passed on frequently during sexual activity with a companion who has a sore or chancre.
Syphilis can also be transferred by means of direct contact with the rash in the second stage of the ailment. The bacteria that initiate syphilis can scatter from an infected mom to her fetus or more seldom, from a tainted blood transfusion. Due to the fact that syphilis can be passed on from mother to fetus in utero, expectant women are tested for syphilis infection during routine prenatal check-up.