Syphilis is a stubborn, highly infectious STD that can have dangerous health risks. It is caused by the spiral-shaped bacterium (spirochete) Treponema pallidum, which can live in nearly every area in the body and spreads rapidly.
The disease develops through four distinct stages: primary stage, secondary stage, latent stage, and tertiary stage — each of which may thrive for several years. Serious health conditions are pervasive and can be fatal in the late stage or tertiary syphilis.
Syphilis has all kinds of signs and can copy many other diseases and immune-mediated activities in advanced levels. Syphilis is moved from one man or woman to another by means of direct contact with syphilis sore. Sores emerge mainly on the external genitals, anus, or in the rectum.
Syphilis can also be passed from mommy to child while being pregnant leading to a disorder referred to as congenital syphilis. Any active man or woman can be afflicted with syphilis, however there is a larger occurrence among the younger generation between the ages of 15 years and 32 years.
The infection can be transmitted from contact with the ulcer which teems with spirochetes. In case the ulcer is outside of the vagina or on the male's scrotum, condoms may not prevent transmission of the disease by contact.
In the same way, if the ulcer is in the mouth, merely kissing the affected man or woman can pass the ailment. The ulcer can clear away without treatment after three to six weeks , but the illness can recur a long time later as secondary syphilis in case that the primary stage is not sorted out.
Syphilis is transmitted by direct contact with a bacteria-filled sore or rash on a person already damaged with the disease. The bacteria that result in syphilis are passed on usually during sexual activity with a mate who has a sore or chancre.
Syphilis can also be transmitted by way of direct contact with the rash in the second stage of the disease. The bacteria that cause syphilis can distribute from an infected mother to her fetus or even more seldom, from a tainted blood transfusion. Because of the fact that syphilis can be passed on from mommy to fetus in utero, expectant females are tested for syphilis infection at the time of routine prenatal assessment.