Medical doctors and health officials all throughout increasingly support routine HIV testing as a technique of confirming personal overall health and managing the spread of HIV. Bear in mind, HIV can continue to exist in its host without apparent signs and symptoms for many years. Trying to find this at a reliable facility not only guards your long-term health but also that of your family and romantic partners.
What are the best HIV testing methods?
With that said fact, let us discuss some particulars on a number of professional HIV testing solutions that are out there to you:
Antigen Tests - These tests locate components from the HIV virus itself, called antigens. For the most part, they hunt for the P24 protein created at the start of HIV infection. This sort of testing isn't incredibly sensitive and isn't emphatically recommended by itself. Instead, doctors conduct hybrid HIV testing by integrating antigen tests with regular antibody tests to enhance accuracy while minimizing the "window period." Also known as fourth-generation tests, these new variations in this testing will appear with more steadiness as medical modern technology continues to progress.
Antibody Tests - These are the most favored HIV testing procedures for routine screening. They benefit from the fact that the human body naturally produces anti-infection proteins called antibodies as a response to HIV infection. This technique looks at antibodies from a blood, saliva, or urine sample. Usually, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is the best antibody test because of its substantial level of sensitivity.
This approach of HIV testing is generally recommended three months after potential exposure. If an HIV-positive mother has a baby, their antibodies will be transferred and stored in the baby's body for around one year or more; other tests are utilized in this situation. Add to this, people who have joined in HIV vaccine trials should take numerous tests to minimize the chance of false end results.
Rapid HIV Tests - These are operated with the same concepts as antibody tests with the more rapid turnaround. They use less than 60 minutes and usually require no follow-up visit; all the assessment is completed on-site by medical professionals. They are faster and easier for medical personnel to implement and minimally obtrusive for the patient. These are intended for urgent medical scenarios or sites where clients are unlikely to go back to evaluate their results.
No matter which test you take, it's imperative to follow up a positive result with other tests-this remarkably reduces the possibility of a fluke in the test. You have to also be aware that a lot of the home HIV testing kits out there haven't obtained FDA approval and are filled with inaccuracy.